How to format your references using the Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek, V., 2001. A watery arms race. Nature 411, 745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero-Sedas, M.I., Vega-Palas, M.A., 2013. Differential association of Arabidopsis telomeres and centromeres with histone H3 variants. Sci. Rep. 3, 1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meier, P., Finch, A., Evan, G., 2000. Apoptosis in development. Nature 407, 796–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Diebel, C.E., Proksch, R., Green, C.R., Neilson, P., Walker, M.M., 2000. Magnetite defines a vertebrate magnetoreceptor. Nature 406, 299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M., 2008. Powell-Smith & Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Meier, A., 2009. eBusiness & eCommerce: Managing the Digital Value Chain. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dabrowska, C., Li, M., Fan, Y., 2016. Apoptotic Caspases in Promoting Cancer: Implications from Their Roles in Development and Tissue Homeostasis, in: Gregory, C.D. (Ed.), Apoptosis in Cancer Pathogenesis and Anti-Cancer Therapy: New Perspectives and Opportunities, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Pizzlies and Other Hybrids Won’t Become More Common With Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development (No. GAO-14-813T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, Z., 2009. Dynamics of bio-membranes investigated by neutron spin echo: Effects of phospholipid conformations and presence of lidocaine (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Thomas, L., Jr, 2016. Deutsche Bank to Settle U.S. Inquiry Into Mortgages for $7.2 Billion. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smetacek, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smetacek, 2001; Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Diebel et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
AbbreviationBiocatal. Agric. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1878-8181
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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