How to format your references using the Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thwaites, T., 2014. Research metrics: calling science to account. Nature 511, S57-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R.S., 2015. Ecology. Is biodiversity good for your health? Science 349, 235–236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prahlad, V., Cornelius, T., Morimoto, R.I., 2008. Regulation of the cellular heat shock response in Caenorhabditis elegans by thermosensory neurons. Science 320, 811–814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roach, P.J., Woodward, W.H., Castleman, A.W., Jr, Reber, A.C., Khanna, S.N., 2009. Complementary active sites cause size-selective reactivity of aluminum cluster anions with water. Science 323, 492–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, V., Liu, Z., Uzunidis, D., 2015. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Akiyama, J., 2011. Factors and Factorizations of Graphs: Proof Techniques in Factor Theory, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gronenborn, A.M., 2007. Anything Goes – Protein Structural Polymorphism, in: Puglisi, J. (Ed.), Structure and Biophysics – New Technologies for Current Challenges in Biology and Beyond, NATO Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 41–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. White House Requests $30 Million For Europa Mission [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. High Speed Ground Transportation: Funds Need to Be Focused Under Proposed Legislation (No. T-RCED-93-45). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volle, M., 2017. Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., 2017. Demonstrators Hit the Streets to Fight Moscow’s Mass Renovation Plan. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thwaites, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015; Thwaites, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Roach et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
AbbreviationBiocatal. Agric. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1878-8181
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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