How to format your references using the Journal of Systems Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Systems Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Telford MJ. Evolution. The animal tree of life. Science. 2013;339:764–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Prather MJ, Hsu J. Coupling of nitrous oxide and methane by global atmospheric chemistry. Science. 2010;330:952–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cubitt TS, Perez-Garcia D, Wolf MM. Undecidability of the spectral gap. Nature. 2015;528:207–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Reilly DJ, Taylor JM, Petta JR, Marcus CM, Hanson MP, Gossard AC. Suppressing spin qubit dephasing by nuclear state preparation. Science. 2008;321:817–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Held G. Virtual Private Networking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Wang Y, Zhang D, Kinsner W, editors. Advances in Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Suzuki Y. Polyol Metabolism and Stress Tolerance in Horticultural Plants. In: Kanayama Y, Kochetov A, editors. Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Systems Chemistry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. There Are Now Just Six Northern White Rhinos Left On Earth. IFLScience. 2014. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications Privacy: GSA’s Planned FTS 2000 Telephone Record Controls Appear Reasonable. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Spotts SL. A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Small Budget Cuts at a School Cause a Large Amount of Pain. New York Times. 2001;:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Systems Chemistry
ISSN (print)1759-2208

Other styles