How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2011). The dubious benefits of broader impact. Nature 475, 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xue, Y., and Sherman, D. H. (2000). Alternative modular polyketide synthase expression controls macrolactone structure. Nature 403, 571–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, V. C., Panthani, M. G., and Korgel, B. A. (2009). Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science 326, 405–407.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sato, T., Kamiyama, T., Takahashi, T., Kurahashi, K., and Yamada, K. (2001). Observation of d(x2-y2)-like superconducting gap in an electron-doped high-temperature superconductor. Science 291, 1517–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf, V. (2012). The Years. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dana, R. H., and Allen, J. eds. (2008). Cultural Competency Training in a Global Society. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, J. (2011). “Grain Building Ordering,” in Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. P. Soille, M. Pesaresi, and G. K. Ouzounis (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Caffeine May Reduce Stress – But It Won’t Solve Your Problems. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kraka, E. K. (2012). Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zimmerman, E. (2012). 99 Ways to be Naughty in Kazakhstan. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz, 2011; Xue and Sherman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xue and Sherman, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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