How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelino-Camelia, G. (2007). Theoretical physics: walk the Planck. Nature 448, 257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whorton, M. R., and MacKinnon, R. (2013). X-ray structure of the mammalian GIRK2-βγ G-protein complex. Nature 498, 190–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
García-Ruiz, J. M., Melero-García, E., and Hyde, S. T. (2009). Morphogenesis of self-assembled nanocrystalline materials of barium carbonate and silica. Science 323, 362–365.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ding, Z., Liu, S., Wang, X., Khaidakov, M., Dai, Y., and Mehta, J. L. (2013). Oxidant stress in mitochondrial DNA damage, autophagy and inflammation in atherosclerosis. Sci. Rep. 3, 1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hein, H., and Kunze, W. (2005). Umweltanalytik mit Spektrometrie und Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yoshimura, T., Nishikawa, T., and Homma, H. eds. (2016). D-Amino Acids: Physiology, Metabolism, and Application. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Maus, H., Holz, H., Bernardi, A., and Rostanin, O. (2005). “Leveraging Passive Paper Piles to Active Objects in Personal Knowledge Spaces,” in Professional Knowledge Management: Third Biennial Conference, WM 2005, Kaiserslautern, Germany, April 10-13, 2005, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. K.-D. Althoff, A. Dengel, R. Bergmann, M. Nick, and T. Roth-Berghofer (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 50–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). 22 Ways To Cut Your Energy Bills (Before Spending On Solar Panels). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey, D. M. (2008). Relationships between attitudes of school-based administrators and inclusion practices of students with autism/Asperger’s syndrome.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelino-Camelia, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Amelino-Camelia, 2007; Whorton and MacKinnon, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whorton and MacKinnon, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ding et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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