How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ley, T. J. (2005). Retrospective: Stanley Joel Korsmeyer (1950-2005). Science 308, 803–804.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, N. M., and Koulakov, I. (2015). Geophysics. Probing the underbelly of a supervolcano. Science 348, 758–759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, H., Gan, J., and Jonas, P. (2014). Interneurons. Fast-spiking, parvalbumin+ GABAergic interneurons: from cellular design to microcircuit function. Science 345, 1255263.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chapman, H. A., Kim, D. A., Susskind, J. M., and Anderson, A. K. (2009). In bad taste: evidence for the oral origins of moral disgust. Science 323, 1222–1226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone, C., and Pesole, G. (2005). Handbook of Comparative Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Neave, G., and Amaral, A. eds. (2012). Higher Education in Portugal 1974-2009: A Nation, a Generation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, F., and Vidal, L.-A. (2016). “Changing Project Structure to Mitigate Its Complexity,” in Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management, ed. L.-A. Vidal (London: Springer), 145–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Mysterious Lake Appears In The Middle Of The Desert Without Explanation. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Telecommunications: Concerns Regarding the Structure and FCC’s Management of the E-Rate Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gatti, D. M. (2010). Genome-wide analysis of transcriptional regulation in the murine liver.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). Stewart And HBO Pull the Plug On a Project. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ley, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ley, 2005; Shapiro and Koulakov, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Koulakov, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles