How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha, J. J. (2002). Gliding flight in the paradise tree snake. Nature 418, 603–604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wohlers, A., and Wood, B. J. (2015). A Mercury-like component of early Earth yields uranium in the core and high mantle (142)Nd. Nature 520, 337–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melcák, I., Hoelz, A., and Blobel, G. (2007). Structure of Nup58/45 suggests flexible nuclear pore diameter by intermolecular sliding. Science 315, 1729–1732.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gardner, T. S., di Bernardo, D., Lorenz, D., and Collins, J. J. (2003). Inferring genetic networks and identifying compound mode of action via expression profiling. Science 301, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, S. D. (2012). Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, J., Xiong, H., Ishikawa, Y., Xu, J., and Zhou, J. eds. (2013). Web-Age Information Management: 14th International Conference, WAIM 2013, Beidaihe, China, June 14-16, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nehm, R. H., and Hickman, C. S. (2008). “Assessing the Effects of Taphonomic Processes on Palaeobiological Patterns using Turbinid Gastropod Shells and Opercula,” in Evolutionary Stasis and Change in the Dominican Republic Neogene Aims and Scope Topics in Geobiology., eds. R. H. Nehm and A. F. Budd (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Habit Could Explain Poor Eating Decisions Made By Anorexics. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoffmann, M. (2015). An exploratory study: Mobile device use for academics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). Famous for Its Past, a Small New Jersey Town Struggles to Define Its Future. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Socha, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Socha, 2002; Wohlers and Wood, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wohlers and Wood, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gardner et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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