How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberge, A. (2014). Astronomy: Hurling comets around a planetary nursery. Nature 514, 440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacInnis, B. L., and Campenot, R. B. (2002). Retrograde support of neuronal survival without retrograde transport of nerve growth factor. Science 295, 1536–1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angelakis, D. G., Das, P., and Noh, C. (2014). Probing the topological properties of the Jackiw-Rebbi model with light. Sci. Rep. 4, 6110.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Speck, O., Hughes, S. C., Noren, N. K., Kulikauskas, R. M., and Fehon, R. G. (2003). Moesin functions antagonistically to the Rho pathway to maintain epithelial integrity. Nature 421, 83–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, C. (2010). Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muga, G., Ruschhaupt, A., and Campo, A. del eds. (2009). Time in Quantum Mechanics - Vol. 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossberg, J., and Olausson, M. (2012). “ALM Assessments,” in Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012, ed. M. Olausson (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How Many Locusts Does It Take To Start A Biblical Plague? Just Three. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Teacher Preparation Programs: Education Should Ensure States Identify Low-Performing Programs and Improve Information-Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, B. K. (2013). Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Cardwell, D., and Schwartz, J. (2017). Exxon’s Accounting of Its Emissions Costs ‘May Be a Sham,’ New York State Says. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roberge, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (MacInnis and Campenot, 2002; Roberge, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacInnis and Campenot, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Speck et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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