How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warrington, B. (2012). Physics. Two atomic clocks ticking as one. Science 336, 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oda, Y., and Fukuda, H. (2012). Initiation of cell wall pattern by a Rho- and microtubule-driven symmetry breaking. Science 337, 1333–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martini, I. B., Barthel, E. R., and Schwartz, B. J. (2001). Optical control of electrons during electron transfer. Science 293, 462–465.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-X., Perry, K., Vinci, V. A., Powell, K., Stemmer, W. P. C., and del Cardayré, S. B. (2002). Genome shuffling leads to rapid phenotypic improvement in bacteria. Nature 415, 644–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Middleton, D. (2012). Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agrawal, P. N., Mohapatra, R. N., Singh, U., and Srivastava, H. M. eds. (2015). Mathematical Analysis and its Applications: Roorkee, India, December 2014. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Zegarra, J., and Farcy, R. (2012). “GPS and Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) as a Navigation System for the Visually Impaired,” in Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 13th International Conference, ICCHP 2012, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. K. Miesenberger, A. Karshmer, P. Penaz, and W. Zagler (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Glass Might Have A New Phase Of Matter Thanks To Infinite Dimensions Calculation. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, Y. (2013). Analysis on the distinct path in a star interconnection network.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992). G.O.P.’s Young Confrontation Corps. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warrington, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Oda and Fukuda, 2012; Warrington, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oda and Fukuda, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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