How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnstone, Rufus A.
2002. The evolution of inaccurate mimics. Nature 418(6897): 524–526.
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccio, Daniele, and Jonathan Leach.
2013. Applied physics. Ghost imaging in three dimensions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6134): 821–822.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gur, Ilan, Karma Sawyer, and Ravi Prasher.
2012. Engineering. Searching for a better thermal battery. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6075): 1454–1455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schoonveld, W. A., J. Wildeman, D. Fichou, P. A. Bobbert, van Wees BJ, and T. M. Klapwijk.
2000. Coulomb-blockade transport in single-crystal organic thin-film transistors. Nature 404(6781): 977–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, Robert A.
2006. Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica. Methods of Biochemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, March 4.
An edited book
Schmidt, Michael, Vincent Onyango, and Dmytro Palekhov, eds.
2011. Implementing Environmental and Resource Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Balen, Adam.
2008. Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas, edited by Andrea Dunaif, R. Jeffrey Chang, Stephen Franks, and Richard S. Legro. Contemporary Endocrinology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo.
2017. Two Scientists Contemplate If Aliens Are Behind Fast Radio Bursts. IFLScience. IFLScience, March 10. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1996. International Aviation: DOT’s Efforts to Increase U.S. Airlines’ Access to International Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, March 14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman, Katharine A.
2017. Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F.
2006. The Legacies They Left. New York Times, January 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnstone 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnstone 2002; Faccio and Leach 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Faccio and Leach 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schoonveld et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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