How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCammon, Catherine.
2005. Geochemistry. The paradox of mantle redox. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5723): 807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellegren, Hans, and Ben C. Sheldon.
2008. Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature 452(7184): 169–175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burnham, Denis, Christine Kitamura, and Ute Vollmer-Conna.
2002. What’s new, pussycat? On talking to babies and animals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5572): 1435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Landi, Maria Teresa, Jürgen Bauer, Ruth M. Pfeiffer, David E. Elder, Benjamin Hulley, Paola Minghetti, Donato Calista, Peter A. Kanetsky, Daniel Pinkel, and Boris C. Bastian.
2006. MC1R germline variants confer risk for BRAF-mutant melanoma. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5786): 521–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamczyk, Bogdan.
2017. Foundations of Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, March 29.
An edited book
Montgomery, Anthony, and Ian Kehoe, eds.
2016. Reimagining the Purpose of Schools and Educational Organisations: Developing Critical Thinking, Agency, Beliefs in Schools and Educational Organisations. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, Georg, and Hans Uszkoreit.
2012. Jezikovne tehnologije za slovenščino. In The Slovene Language in the Digital Age, edited by Georg Rehm and Hans Uszkoreit. White Paper Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 17–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Fang, Janet.
2015. Powdered Alcohol Is Now Legal In The USA. IFLScience. IFLScience, March 17. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1979. Improvements Recommended for Better Oversight of the Capitol Page School. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, April 26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman, Stephen B.
2013. Leadership style and church attendance: An ex post facto study of Churches of Christ in Texas. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Kate, and Binyamin Appelbaum.
2017. Yellen and Trump Aide Are Said to Be on Shortlist for New Leader of the Fed. New York Times, September 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCammon 2005).
This sentence cites two references (McCammon 2005; Ellegren and Sheldon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellegren and Sheldon 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Landi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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