How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, Brent.
2011. Education. Mathematics teachers’ subtle, complex disciplinary knowledge. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6037): 1506–1507.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, Adam, and William R. L. Anderegg.
2011. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’’ optimum elevations".” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6053): 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCauley, Edward, William A. Nelson, and Roger M. Nisbet.
2008. Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature 455(7217): 1240–1243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheng, Jia-Lin, Guang Chen, Chain-Tsuan Liu, and Yi Li.
2013. Innovative approach to the design of low-cost Zr-based BMG composites with good glass formation. Scientific reports 3: 2097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Talbot, Daniel B.
2012. Frequency Acquisition Techniques for Phase Locked Loops. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, September 14.
An edited book
Psaila, Giuseppe, and Roland Wagner, eds.
2007. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 8th International Conference, EC-Web 2007, Regensburg, Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 4655. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Xingyu, Shulin Liang, Wenxue Li, and Dianmai Zhou.
2012. High Speed Train Bogie Wheel-Rail Relative Vibration with Bench Reconstruction Technology. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 1, edited by Yi-Qing Ni and Xiao-Wei Ye. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Davis, Josh.
2017. France To Ban Breeding Of Captive Orcas And Dolphins. IFLScience. IFLScience, May 8. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
2012. Commuter Rail: Potential Impacts and Cost Estimates for the Cancelled Hudson River Tunnel Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, March 9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf, Frank.
2012. Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, Susan.
2014. Where College Ratings Hits the Wall. New York Times, September 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2011; Wolf and Anderegg 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolf and Anderegg 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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