How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, Nathan.
2008. Metagenomics: exploring unseen communities. Nature 453(7195): 687–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen, M., and H. P. Letschert.
2000. Inorganic yellow-red pigments without toxic metals. Nature 404(6781): 980–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yano, Jun-Ichi, Olivier Talagrand, and Pierre Drossart.
2003. Outer planets: Origins of atmospheric zonal winds. Nature 421(6918): 36.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tamai, K., M. Semenov, Y. Kato, R. Spokony, C. Liu, Y. Katsuyama, F. Hess, J. P. Saint-Jeannet, and X. He.
2000. LDL-receptor-related proteins in Wnt signal transduction. Nature 407(6803): 530–535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homer, Sidney, and Martin L. Leibowitz.
2013. Inside the Yield Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, April 17.
An edited book
Geisler, Markus, and Kees Venema, eds.
2011. Transporters and Pumps in Plant Signaling. Signaling and Communication in Plants. Vol. 7. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pachauri, Rajendra K.
2012. Climate Change and Agroforestry. In Agroforestry - The Future of Global Land Use, edited by P. K. Ramachandran Nair and Dennis Garrity. Advances in Agroforestry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 13–15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise.
2015. Whether Mozart Or Madonna, Music Can Help You Recover From Surgery. IFLScience. IFLScience, August 17. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1998. Individuals With Disabilities Education Act: School Districts’ Response to Regulatory Deadline. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, April 22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, Rodney T.
2017. Can the analytical hierarchy process model be effectively applied in the prioritization of information assurance defense in-depth measures? - a quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slivka, Kelly.
2012. First Half of Year Hottest On Record. New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2008; Jansen and Letschert 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jansen and Letschert 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tamai et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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