How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howell, Peter.
2011. Listen to the lessons of The King’s Speech. Nature 470(7332): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levens, David, and Ashutosh Gupta.
2010. Molecular biology. Reliable noise. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327(5969): 1088–1089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Zhonghe, Paul M. Barrett, and Jason Hilton.
2003. An exceptionally preserved Lower Cretaceous ecosystem. Nature 421(6925): 807–814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cantó, Carles, Zachary Gerhart-Hines, Jerome N. Feige, Marie Lagouge, Lilia Noriega, Jill C. Milne, Peter J. Elliott, Pere Puigserver, and Johan Auwerx.
2009. AMPK regulates energy expenditure by modulating NAD+ metabolism and SIRT1 activity. Nature 458(7241): 1056–1060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, Mark A.
2005. Internet Technologies Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, January 28.
An edited book
Gupta, Dharmendra K., and Luisa M. Sandalio, eds.
2012. Metal Toxicity in Plants: Perception, Signaling and Remediation. First. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kazar, Baris M., and Mete Celik.
2012. Comparing Exact and Approximate SAR Model Solutions. In Spatial AutoRegression (SAR) Model: Parameter Estimation Techniques, edited by Mete Celik. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen.
2014. Scientists Claim They Are Close To Cloning A Mammoth. IFLScience. IFLScience, March 14. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1994. NASA Contract Management: Improving the Use of DCAA’s Auditing Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, September 30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Scott.
2009. Historiography, prophecy, and literature: “Divina retribución” and its underlying ideological agenda. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Urbina, Ian.
2015. Forced Labor for Cheap Fish. New York Times, July 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howell 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Howell 2011; Levens and Gupta 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levens and Gupta 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Cantó et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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