How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fehr, Ernst.
2004. The productivity of failures. Nature 428(6984): 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey, Sutirth, and Amitabh Joshi.
2006. Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5772): 434–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, Jonathan D., Jane A. Kirk, and Tim Hunt.
2003. Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5621): 987–990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allwood, Abigail C., Malcolm R. Walter, Balz S. Kamber, Craig P. Marshall, and Ian W. Burch.
2006. Stromatolite reef from the Early Archaean era of Australia. Nature 441(7094): 714–718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duckert, Gregory H.
2010. Practical Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, October 11.
An edited book
Hull, Richard, Jan Mendling, and Stefan Tai, eds.
2010. Business Process Management: 8th International Conference, BPM 2010, Hoboken, NJ, USA, September 13-16, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 6336. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Portugali, Juval.
2012. Complexity Theories of Cities: Achievements, Criticism and Potentials. In Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age: An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design, edited by Juval Portugali, Han Meyer, Egbert Stolk, and Ekim Tan. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise.
2015. Bond Villain’s 200mph Jaguar Shows Electric Cars Can Be Menacing Too. IFLScience. IFLScience, October 30. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1991. Strategic Bombers: Updated Status of the B-1B Recovery Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, May 9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culver, Mark D.
2015. Assessing the influence of emotional intelligence on effective fire service leadership. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George.
2010. Pelé Remains the Last Word in a Changed World. New York Times, June 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fehr 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fehr 2004; Dey and Joshi 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dey and Joshi 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Allwood et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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