How to format your references using the Bioarchaeology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioarchaeology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, Amy.
2012. The hard facts. Nature 485(7400): S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poliakoff, M., and P. King.
2001. Phenomenal fluids. Nature 412(6843): 125.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferain, Isabelle, Cynthia A. Colinge, and Jean-Pierre Colinge.
2011. Multigate transistors as the future of classical metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors. Nature 479(7373): 310–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mobashir, Mohammad, Thati Madhusudhan, Berend Isermann, Tilo Beyer, and Burkhart Schraven.
2014. Negative interactions and feedback regulations are required for transient cellular response. Scientific reports 4: 3718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, Moorad, and Gino Landuyt.
2010. The Future of Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, October 18.
An edited book
Guardo, Elena.
2015. Arithmetically Cohen-Macaulay Sets of Points in P^1 x P^1. SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Ed. Adam Van Tuyl. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Carambas, Maria Cristina D. M.
2007. Economic Analysis of Eco-Labeling: The Case of Labeled Organic Rice in Thailand. In New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling, edited by Ulrike Grote, Arnab K. Basu, and Nancy H. Chau. Sustainability and Innovation. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioarchaeology International.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen.
2014. Dark Matter Scatters Before the Light. IFLScience. IFLScience, September 10. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office.
1991. Tax System Modernization: An Assessment of IRS’ Design Master Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, June 25.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanghvi, Avani Mukesh.
2009. Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben.
2016. An Electronic Set of Eyes to Feed Data to Players and Coaches. New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Maxmen 2012; Poliakoff and King 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poliakoff and King 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mobashir et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioarchaeology International
ISSN (print)2472-8349
ISSN (online)2472-8357

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