How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science (J Indian Acad Wood Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wiseman H (2015) Quantum physics: Death by experiment for local realism. Nature 526:649–650
A journal article with 2 authors
Foulger GR, Natland JH (2003) Geology. Is “hotspot” volcanism a consequence of plate tectonics? Science 300:921–922
A journal article with 3 authors
Ashton A, Murray AB, Arnault O (2001) Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature 414:296–300
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ota S, Horisaki R, Kawamura Y, et al (2018) Ghost cytometry. Science 360:1246–1251

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt WM (2016) Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bambi C (2016) Introduction to Particle Cosmology: The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Saakov VS, Krivchenko AI, Rozengart EV, Danilova IG (2015) Application of Derivative Spectrophotometry in Comparative Biochemical Studies. In: Krivchenko AI, Rozengart EV, Danilova IG (eds) Derivative Spectrophotometry and PAM-Fluorescence in Comparative Biochemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 349–478

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) Why You Should Never Squash A Spider. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu W-Y (2012) The performance practice of Buddhist baiqi in contemporary Taiwan. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Texas School Group Adjusts Schedule Policy. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Shibata 2012; Bourzac 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foulger and Natland 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science
ISSN (print)0972-172X
ISSN (online)0976-8432
Plant Science

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