How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lane N (2011) Evolution. The costs of breathing. Science 334:184–185
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh M, Mirkin CA (2005) Chemically tailorable colloidal particles from infinite coordination polymers. Nature 438:651–654
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuler B, Lipman EA, Eaton WA (2002) Probing the free-energy surface for protein folding with single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Nature 419:743–747
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ma D, Zerangue N, Lin YF, et al (2001) Role of ER export signals in controlling surface potassium channel numbers. Science 291:316–319

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis DO (2013) Business Basics for Dentists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Rossi R, Margheritini F (eds) (2014) Knee Ligament Injuries: Extraarticular Surgical Techniques. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Nelson JP (2008) Hedonic Property Value Studies of Transportation Noise: Aircraft and Road Traffic. In: Baranzini A, Ramirez J, Schaerer C, Thalmann P (eds) Hedonic Methods in Housing Markets: Pricing Environmental Amenities and Segregation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) If You Develop Alzheimer’s, Will Your Children Get It Too? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) USCIS Transformation: Improvements to Performance, Human Capital, and Information Technology Management Needed as Modernization Proceeds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spencer KH (2008) Exploring the impact of problem -focused case writing pedagogy on novice teachers’ beliefs and practices concerning effective instructional intervention for young children and families. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn DM (2015) A Year After Seizing Crimea, Putin Celebrates as Ukraine Seethes. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lane 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Oh and Mirkin 2005; Lane 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oh and Mirkin 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science
ISSN (print)0972-172X
ISSN (online)0976-8432
Plant Science

Other styles