How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Legenstein R (2015) Computer science: Nanoscale connections for brain-like circuits. Nature 521:37–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Barth C, Reichling M (2001) Imaging the atomic arrangements on the high-temperature reconstructed alpha-Al2O3(0001) surface. Nature 414:54–57
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W, Smith C, Cheng L (2013) Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci Rep 3:2376
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang C-T, Lu J-C, Bai J, et al (2003) Different domains of synaptotagmin control the choice between kiss-and-run and full fusion. Nature 424:943–947

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kricheldorf HR (2012) Menschen und ihre Materialien. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Esparza J (2008) Unfoldings: A Partial-Order Approach to Model Checking. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Greenwood MJ (2014) Migration and Labor Market Opportunities. In: Fischer MM, Nijkamp P (eds) Handbook of Regional Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 3–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Cassini Snaps Images Of Weird “Ravioli Moon” Pan Orbiting Saturn. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) GAO’s Need for an Interim Management Data System (MDS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bentley KJ (2016) Modern Public Market to Revitalize a Small Community. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2010) Snack Like a Surfer. New York Times NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Legenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Barth and Reichling 2001; Legenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barth and Reichling 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science
ISSN (print)0972-172X
ISSN (online)0976-8432
Plant Science

Other styles