How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aiken C (2015) HIV: Antiviral action countered by Nef. Nature 526:202–203
A journal article with 2 authors
West SA, Gardner A (2010) Altruism, spite, and greenbeards. Science 327:1341–1344
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan X, Liu F, Zhang M (2012) Comment on “Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness.” Science 335:1441; author reply 1441
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nogués-Bravo D, Araújo MB, Romdal T, Rahbek C (2008) Scale effects and human impact on the elevational species richness gradients. Nature 453:216–219

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett K (2016) The Experience of History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Poel K van de (2013) Communication Skills for Foreign and Mobile Medical Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner A, Merkel M (2013) Torsion Bar. In: Merkel M (ed) One-Dimensional Finite Elements: An Introduction to the FE Method. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) The Oldest Known Living Organisms In The World. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Human Capital: Agencies Should More Fully Evaluate the Costs and Benefits of Executive Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson JW (2009) Measurements and analysis of extinction in vitiated flame sheets. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S (2017) The Empire Of Glamour Loses a King. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aiken 2015).
This sentence cites two references (West and Gardner 2010; Aiken 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (West and Gardner 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Nogués-Bravo et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science
ISSN (print)0972-172X
ISSN (online)0976-8432
Plant Science

Other styles