How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Packaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Packaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perez, D. R., 2012, “Public Health and Biosecurity. H5N1 Debates: Hung up on the Wrong Questions,” Science, 335(6070), pp. 799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer, S., and Frenkel, D., 2001, “Prediction of Absolute Crystal-Nucleation Rate in Hard-Sphere Colloids,” Nature, 409(6823), pp. 1020–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilmé, L., Goodman, S. M., and Ganzhorn, J. U., 2006, “Biogeographic Evolution of Madagascar’s Microendemic Biota,” Science, 312(5776), pp. 1063–1065.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takeuchi, K., Tokunaga, Y., Imai, M., Takahashi, H., and Shimada, I., 2014, “Dynamic Multidrug Recognition by Multidrug Transcriptional Repressor LmrR,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6922.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelsey, J. E., Newport, D. J., and Nemeroff, C. B., 2006, Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ford, J. B., and Honeycutt, E. D., Jr., eds., 2015, Proceedings of the 1998 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarfaty, J., 2012, “Civil Society and Education Advocacy in Ecuador,” Campaigning for “Education for All”: Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education, A. Verger, M. Novelli, K. Mundy, A. Eickelberg, L. Grant, S. Hilgersom, J. Hoop, F. van der Plaat, and J. Sarfaty, eds., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Spiny Fins Help Fish Expand Into Hard-To-Eat Shapes,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989, FAA Appropriation Issues, T-RCED-89-34, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Radcliffe, M. L., 2012, “Random Graphs with Attribute Affinity,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016, “In Debt, but Undaunted, a Mother Finds Her Home,” New York Times, p. A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Packaging
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Packag.
ISSN (print)1043-7398
ISSN (online)1528-9044
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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