How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Packaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Packaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solis, M., 2014, “Prevention: Before the Break,” Nature, 508(7494), pp. S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kang, T. M., and Hilgemann, D. W., 2004, “Multiple Transport Modes of the Cardiac Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger,” Nature, 427(6974), pp. 544–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tiberti, M. M., Basili, R., and Vannoli, P., 2014, “Ups and Downs in Western Crete (Hellenic Subduction Zone),” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 5677.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yokouchi, Y., Ikeda, M., Inuzuka, Y., and Yukawa, T., 2002, “Strong Emission of Methyl Chloride from Tropical Plants,” Nature, 416(6877), pp. 163–165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C. W., Jr., 2013, Demand-Driven Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jullien, V., ed., 2015, Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zielinska, T., 2007, “Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543),” Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies Part 1, M. Ceccarelli, ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 117–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014, “This Star Is About to Swallow Two Planets,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014, School-Meals Programs: USDA Has Enhanced Controls, but Additional Verification Could Help Ensure Legitimate Program Access, GAO-14-262, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyer, C., 2017, “Advocacy Services for College Students With Disabilities: A Grant Proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J., and Dolnick, S., 2014, “Slush and Short Sleeves,” New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Packaging
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Packag.
ISSN (print)1043-7398
ISSN (online)1528-9044
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles