How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Packaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Packaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hernandez, E. R., 2000, “No Room on the Carousel for Meeting of like Minds,” Nature, 407(6802), p. 285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., and Tawfik, D. S., 2009, “Protein Dynamism and Evolvability,” Science, 324(5924), pp. 203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S., Kott, A., and Barabási, A.-L., 2014, “A Genetic Epidemiology Approach to Cyber-Security,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 5659.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jackson, J. P., Lindroth, A. M., Cao, X., and Jacobsen, S. E., 2002, “Control of CpNpG DNA Methylation by the KRYPTONITE Histone H3 Methyltransferase,” Nature, 416(6880), pp. 556–560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley, R. H. V., and Tinker, P. B., 2015, The Oil Palm, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Osaka, N., Rentschler, I., and Biederman, I., eds., 2007, Object Recognition, Attention, and Action, Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunn, A. V., and Nyalakonda, K., 2013, “Diabetes Mellitus Prevention and Treatment,” Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke, M.L. Corrigan, A.A. Escuro, and D.F. Kirby, eds., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015, “Study Claims People Who Like Their Coffee Black Are More Likely To Have Psychopathic Tendencies,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Los Angeles Metro Rail System, OSI-94-6R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, V., 2010, “The Relationship between Visit to a Doctor and the Health Behaviors of Children,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992, “THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: In His Own Words; On TV, a Very Public Education for Ross Perot,” New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Packaging
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Packag.
ISSN (print)1043-7398
ISSN (online)1528-9044
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles