How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Packaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Packaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C., 2000, “ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher,” Science, 290(5492), pp. 683b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solomon, J. H., and Hartmann, M. J., 2006, “Biomechanics: Robotic Whiskers Used to Sense Features,” Nature, 443(7111), p. 525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu, Y., Lee, W., and Shen, J., 2014, “Site-2 Protease Responds to Oxidative Stress and Regulates Oxidative Injury in Mammalian Cells,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6268.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paltiel, Y., Zeldov, E., Myasoedov, Y. N., Shtrikman, H., Bhattacharya, S., Higgins, M. J., Xiao, Z. L., Andrei, E. Y., Gammel, P. L., and Bishop, D. J., 2000, “Dynamic Instabilities and Memory Effects in Vortex Matter,” Nature, 403(6768), pp. 398–401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard, B., 2016, Style and Statistics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Thomas, Y. F., and Price, L. N., eds., 2016, Drug Use Trajectories Among Minority Youth, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Batini, C., and Scannapieco, M., 2008, “Identificazione Degli Oggetti,” Qualità Dei Dati: Concetti, Metodi e Tecniche, M. Scannapieco, ed., Springer, Milano, pp. 103–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016, “Charging For Plastic Bags In England Leads To An 85 Percent Drop In Their Use,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977, Summary of a Report: The National School Lunch Program, Is It Working?, PAD-77-7, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kunihiro, A. G., 2014, “The Relationship between Dietary Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acid Intake and Colorectal Cancer,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Andrews, M., 2017, “Venus Williams Faces Wrongful-Death Suit,” New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Packaging
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Packag.
ISSN (print)1043-7398
ISSN (online)1528-9044
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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