How to format your references using the Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boylan-Kolchin M (2014) Cosmology: A virtual Universe. Nature 509:170–171
A journal article with 2 authors
Araújo MB, Rahbek C (2006) Ecology. How does climate change affect biodiversity? Science 313:1396–1397
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby JG, Jan CH, Bartel DP (2007) Intronic microRNA precursors that bypass Drosha processing. Nature 448:83–86
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Manfredo Vieira S, Hiltensperger M, Kumar V, et al (2018) Translocation of a gut pathobiont drives autoimmunity in mice and humans. Science 359:1156–1161

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao Q, Shuyu T, Min Z, Chun J (2014) The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Jawahar CV, Shan S (eds) (2015) Computer Vision - ACCV 2014 Workshops: Singapore, Singapore, November 1-2, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part III. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cho H-S, Han Q-F, Kim H-G, Kim JY (2016) Receiver-Based Adaptive Signal Control for Enhancing VoIP Speech Quality. In: Kim KJ, Wattanapongsakorn N, Joukov N (eds) Mobile and Wireless Technologies 2016. Springer, Singapore, pp 35–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Newly Discovered Moth Is Enigmatic Evolutionary Wonder. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/newly-discovered-moth-enigmatic-evolutionary-wonder/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Inspectors General: Alleged Misconduct by NASA Inspector General. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus JV (2017) Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) An Obvious Case For Instant Replay. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boylan-Kolchin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Araújo and Rahbek 2006; Boylan-Kolchin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Araújo and Rahbek 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Manfredo Vieira et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
AbbreviationBehav. Ecol. Sociobiol.
ISSN (print)0340-5443
ISSN (online)1432-0762
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles