How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarkar, C.A. 2013. Cell signaling. Concentrating (on) native proteins to control cell fate. Science 341(6152): 1349–1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawkesworth, C.J., and Kemp, A.I.S. 2006. Evolution of the continental crust. Nature 443(7113): 811–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmes, E.A., Craske, M.G., and Graybiel, A.M. 2014. Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science. Nature 511(7509): 287–289.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shadwick, E.H., Trull, T.W., Thomas, H., and Gibson, J.A.E. 2013. Vulnerability of polar oceans to anthropogenic acidification: comparison of arctic and antarctic seasonal cycles. Sci. Rep. 3: 2339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhard, P.-G., and Suraud, E. 2008. Introduction to Cluster Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ortiz, G., and Tran, C. (Editors). 2015. Advances in Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Workshops of ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Naude, W. 2010. Forced Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa: The Conflict–Environment Link. In Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability. Edited by T. Afifi and J. Jäger. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2013, October 24. Fat Cells Have Been Efficiently Converted Into Liver Cells. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Space Acquisitions: Challenges Facing DOD as it Changes Approaches to Space Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shenasi, S.Y. 2015. The Roots of Music Therapy: Healing the Wounds of the Psyche. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2017, May 14. Hit Show? No, but Close Enough. New York Times: B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarkar 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hawkesworth and Kemp 2006; Sarkar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawkesworth and Kemp 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shadwick et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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