How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatt, R. 2000. Push-button entanglement. Nature 404(6775): 231–232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, W.G., and Goldstein, S.L. 2005. Open-system coral ages reveal persistent suborbital sea-level cycles. Science 308(5720): 401–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alarousu, E., AlSaggaf, A., and Jabbour, G.E. 2013. Online monitoring of printed electronics by Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Sci. Rep. 3: 1562.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tang, Z.K., Zhang, L., Wang, N., Zhang, X.X., Wen, G.H., Li, G.D., Wang, J.N., Chan, C.T., and Sheng, P. 2001. Superconductivity in 4 angstrom single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science 292(5526): 2462–2465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carvalho, M.C. 2016. Practical Laboratory Automation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Huneman, P. (Editor). 2013. Functions: selection and mechanisms. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Cawley, O., Wang, X., and Richardson, I. 2010. Lean/Agile Software Development Methodologies in Regulated Environments – State of the Art. In Lean Enterprise Software and Systems: First International Conference, LESS 2010, Helsinki, Finland, October 17-20, 2010. Proceedings. Edited by P. Abrahamsson and N. Oza. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, February 24. Scientists Demand Investigation After More Mysterious Holes Appear In Siberia. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Software Capability Evaluation: VA’s Software Development Process Is Immature. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres-Partida, A. 2014. Bridging the gap between faith based leaders and mental health professionals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010, March 18. In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times: B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatt 2000; Thompson and Goldstein 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Goldstein 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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