How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoff, K. 2010. Behavior. Fairness in modern society. Science 327(5972): 1467–1468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krivtsov, A.V., and Armstrong, S.A. 2012. Cancer. Can one cell influence cancer heterogeneity? Science 338(6110): 1035–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prakash, M., Quéré, D., and Bush, J.W.M. 2008. Surface tension transport of prey by feeding shorebirds: the capillary ratchet. Science 320(5878): 931–934.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alley, W.M., Healy, R.W., LaBaugh, J.W., and Reilly, T.E. 2002. Flow and storage in groundwater systems. Science 296(5575): 1985–1990.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhm, M. 2005. Symmetrien in Festkörpern. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Vassighi, A. 2006. Thermal and Power Management of Integrated Circuits. Edited ByM. Sachdev. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Devarajan, A., Shih, D., and Reddy, S.T. 2014. Inflammation, Infection, Cancer and All That…The Role of Paraoxonases. In Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-communicable Diseases - Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics. Edited by J. Camps. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015, September 10. The Parasite That Causes Chagas Disease Is Much More Widespread In The USA Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, C. 2017. Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B.M. 2017, June 3. The Tailor of 125th Street. New York Times: ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoff 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hoff 2010; Krivtsov and Armstrong 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krivtsov and Armstrong 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Alley et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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