How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Jong, T. 2006. Computer simulations. Technological advances in inquiry learning. Science 312(5773): 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel, C., and Talon, S. 2005. Influence of gravity waves on the internal rotation and Li abundance of solar-type stars. Science 309(5744): 2189–2191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pompilio, L., Kacelnik, A., and Behmer, S.T. 2006. State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science 311(5767): 1613–1615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gross, C., Zhuang, X., Stark, K., Ramboz, S., Oosting, R., Kirby, L., Santarelli, L., Beck, S., and Hen, R. 2002. Serotonin1A receptor acts during development to establish normal anxiety-like behaviour in the adult. Nature 416(6879): 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamperti, J.W. 1996. Probability: A Survey of the Mathematical Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hamidzadeh, H.R. 2010. Vibrations of Thick Cylindrical Structures. Edited ByR.N. Jazar. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Buechler, H. 2016. “Interconnected Positionalities”: Foreigners and Foreign Experience in the Lives of Aymara Intellectuals. In Ethnographic Collaborations in Latin America: The Effects of Globalization. Edited by J.C. Nash and H.C. Buechler. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY. pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016, April 27. Polar Bears Must Swim For Several Days At A Time In The Melting Arctic. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Desktop Outsourcing: Positive Results Reported, but Analyses Could Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, K. 2014. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010, April 29. Dust Off the Old Stock. New York Times: E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Jong 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Charbonnel and Talon 2005; de Jong 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel and Talon 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gross et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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