How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton, J.C. 2000. Boundary disputes. Nature 406(6796): 565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alabugin, I., and Mohamed, R.K. 2014. Chemistry. A CO₂ cloak for the cyanide dagger. Science 344(6179): 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alanyali, M., Moat, H.S., and Preis, T. 2013. Quantifying the relationship between financial news and the stock market. Sci. Rep. 3: 3578.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tan, Y., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., and Liu, N. 2013. Response of microchip solid-state laser to external frequency-shifted feedback and its applications. Sci. Rep. 3: 2912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saliba, A.J., Corona, J.C., and Johnson, K.E. 2010. Option Spread Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kapur, S., Mermut, A., and Stoops, G. (Editors). 2008. New Trends in Soil Micromorphology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Makarov, S., Ludwig, R., and Bitar, S.J. 2016. Circuit Analysis and Power Transfer. In Practical Electrical Engineering. Edited by R. Ludwig and S.J. Bitar. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 139–188.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014, October 20. Oldest Sex Act Revealed. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Charter Schools: Limited Access to Facility Financing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor, S. 2016. Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2011, August 13. U.S. Grateful to Be Part Of a Sport’s Growth. New York Times: D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Horton 2000; Alabugin and Mohamed 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alabugin and Mohamed 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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