How to format your references using the Environmental Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. 2003. Biologist gets minimum sentence in “espionage” case. Nature 423(6940): 575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Su, F., and Xu, P. 2014. Genomic analysis of thermophilic Bacillus coagulans strains: efficient producers for platform bio-chemicals. Sci. Rep. 4: 3926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz, M., Lo, C.-C., and Chain, P.S.G. 2014. Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Sci. Rep. 4: 6480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gaskell, G., Einsiedel, E., Hallman, W., Priest, S.H., Jackson, J., and Olsthoorn, J. 2005. Communication. Social values and the governance of science. Science 310(5756): 1908–1909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bintliff, J. 2012. The Complete Archaeology of Greece. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chen, G.G., and Lai, P.B.S. (Editors). 2012. Novel Apoptotic Regulators in Carcinogenesis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Sullivan, P., Clarke, D., and Clarke, B. 2013. Using Mathematical Tasks Arising from Contexts. In Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Edited by D. Clarke and B. Clarke. Springer, New York, NY. pp. 39–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, November 24. Salt Used To De-Ice Roads Can Make Frogs Change Sex. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Tax Systems Modernization: Program Status and Comments on IRS’ Portion of President’s Request For Fiscal Year 1993 Supplemental Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki, P.R. 2017. Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. 2016, September 20. An Online Purveyor of Polygamous Bliss. New York Times: A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2003; Su and Xu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Su and Xu 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gaskell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1181-8700
ISSN (online)1208-6053
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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