How to format your references using the Telematics and Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telematics and Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. Take your partner by the hand. Nature 435, 1281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, S.W., Ahn, J.-P., 2013. Polycrystalline nanowires of gadolinium-doped ceria via random alignment mediated by supercritical carbon dioxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pohl, M.E.D., Pope, K.O., von Nagy, C., 2002. Olmec origins of Mesoamerican writing. Science 298, 1984–1987.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hulme, P.E., Pysek, P., Nentwig, W., Vilà, M., 2009. Ecology. Will threat of biological invasions unite the European Union? Science 324, 40–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kusumoto, F., 2015. Understanding Intracardiac EGMs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Miescke, K.-J., 2008. Statistical Decision Theory: Estimation, Testing, and Selection, Springer Series in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mccloud, J.S., 2016. “Were You There?,” in: Tilley-Lubbs, G.A., Calva, S.B. (Eds.), Re-Telling Our Stories: Critical Autoethnographic Narratives. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telematics and Informatics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. If You Use One Of These Popular Internet Services, You Need To Change Your Password Right Now [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Helium Program: Key Developments Since the Early 1990s and Future Considerations (No. GAO-10-700T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, J.D., 2009. Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kim and Ahn, 2013; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Ahn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hulme et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTelematics and Informatics
ISSN (print)0736-5853
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles