How to format your references using the Telematics and Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telematics and Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi, E., 2003. Neuroscience. Monarchs check clock to chart migration route. Science 300, 1216–1217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Welsh, R.M., Selin, L.K., 2009. Attrition of memory CD8 T cells. Nature 459, E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, T.M., Karl, T.R., Reynolds, R.W., 2002. Climate modeling. How accurate are climate simulations? Science 296, 483–484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, J., Natarajan, M., Nashine, V.C., Socolich, M., Vo, T., Russ, W.P., Benkovic, S.J., Ranganathan, R., 2008. Surface sites for engineering allosteric control in proteins. Science 322, 438–442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertocchi, M., Schwartz, S.L., Ziemba, W.T., 2010. Optimizing the Aging, Retirement, and Pensions Dilemma. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Amidror, I. (Ed.), 2009. The Theory of the Moiré Phenomenon: Volume I: Periodic Layers, Second Edition. ed, Computational Imaging and Vision. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
de Smet, M.D., van Velthoven, M.E.J., 2009. Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Confocal Ophthalmoscopy (OCT/SLO), in: Coscas, F., Vismara, S., Zourdani, A., Calzi, C.I.L. (Eds.), Optical Coherence Tomography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: OCT in AMD. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telematics and Informatics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Rule Breaking Black Hole Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (No. GAO-11-239SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli, G., 2017. Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J., 2017. Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi, 2003; Welsh and Selin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Welsh and Selin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTelematics and Informatics
ISSN (print)0736-5853
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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