How to format your references using the Telematics and Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telematics and Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singer, T., 2012. Nutrition: The vitamin D complex. Nature 489, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kneller, E.A., van Keken, P.E., 2007. Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature 450, 1222–1225.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadqi, M., Fushman, D., Muñoz, V., 2006. Atom-by-atom analysis of global downhill protein folding. Nature 442, 317–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zuo, Y., Yang, G., Kwon, E., Gan, W.-B., 2005. Long-term sensory deprivation prevents dendritic spine loss in primary somatosensory cortex. Nature 436, 261–265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson, H., 2011. Schrägkabelbrücken. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Krantz, S.G., 2014. A Mathematical Odyssey: Journey from the Real to the Complex. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Dikshit, K.R., Dikshit, J.K., 2014. Relief Features of North-East India, in: Dikshit, J.K. (Ed.), North-East India: Land, People and Economy, Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 91–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telematics and Informatics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Keychain First Aid Kit Might Help Save The Bees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Developing a Domestic Common Carrier Telecommunications Policy: What Are the Issues? (No. CED-79-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A.L., 2014. The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mashal, M., 2017. Head of ISIS Branch in Afghanistan Killed in April Raid. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singer, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kneller and van Keken, 2007; Singer, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kneller and van Keken, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zuo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTelematics and Informatics
ISSN (print)0736-5853
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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