How to format your references using the Journal of Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Linguistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, Hannah. 2015. Molecular biology: Marked progress. Nature 527(7578), S114-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oppo, Delia W. & Yair Rosenthal. 2010. Oceans. The great Indo-Pacific communicator. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328(5985), 1492–1494.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ridgwell, Andy J., Martin J. Kennedy & Ken Caldeira. 2003. Carbonate deposition, climate stability, and Neoproterozoic ice ages. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5646), 859–862.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gumenyuk, R., M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov & O. G. Okhotnikov. 2014. Effect of absorption recovery in bismuth-doped silica glass at 1450 nm on soliton grouping in fiber laser. Scientific reports 4, 7044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Audibert, Pierre. 2013. Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Puerto, Inés M. del, Miguel González, Cristina Gutiérrez, Rodrigo Martínez, Carmen Minuesa, Manuel Molina, Manuel Mota & Alfonso Ramos (eds.). 2016. Branching Processes and Their Applications (Lecture Notes in Statistics). . Vol. 219. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jha, Kumud Ranjan & Ghanshyam Singh. 2014. Patch Array Antenna on EBG Substrate. In Ghanshyam Singh (ed.), Terahertz Planar Antennas for Next Generation Communication, 59–81. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Linguistics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. Researchers Create Artificial Mouse “Embryo” From Stem Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience. (30 October, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan, Francis. 2012. Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance. Mississippi State University Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, Kelly. 2016. From Olympic Rings to a Circus Ring. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Oppo & Rosenthal 2010; Hoag 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oppo & Rosenthal 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ridgwell, Kennedy & Caldeira 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gumenyuk et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Linguistics
ISSN (print)0022-2267
ISSN (online)1469-7742

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