How to format your references using the Journal of Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Linguistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yoder, Anne D. 2013. Evolution. Fossils versus clocks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6120), 656–658.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, Steven E. & Wayne S. Fenton. 2003. Medicine. What are the right targets for psychopharmacology? Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5605), 350–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyce, Daniel G., Marlon R. Lewis & Boris Worm. 2010. Global phytoplankton decline over the past century. Nature 466(7306), 591–596.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Lianbin, Yujiang Zhong, Dongkyu Cha & Peng Wang. 2013. A self-cleaning underwater superoleophobic mesh for oil-water separation. Scientific reports 3, 2326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Püschl, Wolfgang. 2012. Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pandurangan, Gopal, V. S. Anil Kumar, Gu Ming, Yunhao Liu & Yingshu Li (eds.). 2010. Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 5th International Conference, WASA 2010, Beijing, China, August 15-17, 2010. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). . Vol. 6221. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, Justin E. H. 2013. Heat, Action, Perception: Models of Living Beings in German Medical Cartesianism. In Mihnea Dobre & Tammy Nyden (eds.), Cartesian Empiricisms (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science), 105–123. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Linguistics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Why Do We Kiss? IFLScience. IFLScience. (30 October, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brecese, Justin Alan. 2012. Out of Our Depth: Hyper-Extensionality and the Return of Three-Dimensional Media. University of South Florida Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, Michael. 2017. An Unconventional Witness. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yoder 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman & Fenton 2003; Yoder 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman & Fenton 2003)
  • Three authors: (Boyce, Lewis & Worm 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Linguistics
ISSN (print)0022-2267
ISSN (online)1469-7742

Other styles