How to format your references using the Automated Experimentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Experimentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Friedman MA. Public health. Strengthening the FDA. Science. 2002;298:2332.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Retchless AC, Lawrence JG. Temporal fragmentation of speciation in bacteria. Science. 2007;317:1093–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McNamara JM, Fawcett TW, Houston AI. An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects. Science. 2013;340:1084–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gordon JM, Feuermann D, Huleihil M, Mizrahi S, Shaco-Levy R. Fibre optics: surgery by sunlight on live animals. Nature. 2003;424:510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Blundell A, Harrison R, Turney B. The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Qi X, Chen X, Wang Y, editors. Plant Metabolomics: Methods and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gribble CP. Interactive Particle Visualisation. In: Liere R, Adriaansen T, Zudilova-Seinstra E, editors. Trends in Interactive Visualization: State-of-the-Art Survey. London: Springer; 2009. p. 79–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Experimentation.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Hubble Captures Dancing Auroras on Saturn. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-captures-dancing-auroras-saturn/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Development of Technical and Spectrum Requirements for Meeting Public Safety Agency Communication Requirements Through 2010, Establishment of Rules and Requirements for Priority Access Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lin L-M. Transformation in Chinese Theatre Works’ the Legend of White Snake. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Bernstein N. Bodies Given to N.Y.U. Sent to Mass Graves. New York Times. 2016;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Experimentation
ISSN (print)1759-4499
Scope

Other styles