How to format your references using the Automated Experimentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Experimentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fedoroff NV. Agriculture. Prehistoric GM corn. Science. 2003;302:1158–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fengos G, Iber D. Prediction stability in a data-based, mechanistic model of σF regulation during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2755.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McNally A, Prier CK, MacMillan DWC. Discovery of an α-amino C-H arylation reaction using the strategy of accelerated serendipity. Science. 2011;334:1114–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Joh NH, Min A, Faham S, Whitelegge JP, Yang D, Woods VL, et al. Modest stabilization by most hydrogen-bonded side-chain interactions in membrane proteins. Nature. 2008;453:1266–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Strohfeldt KA. Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Pariante CM, Lapiz-Bluhm MD, editors. Behavioral Neurobiology of Stress-related Disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Innocentini-Mei LH, Fakhouri FM. Recent Studies on Soy Protein Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites. In: Thomas S, Visakh PM, Mathew AP, editors. Advances in Natural Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 155–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Experimentation.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Swearing Makes You Physically Stronger, According To Strange Study. IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/swearing-makes-you-physically-stronger-according-to-strange-study/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Piper MH. A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Healy P. ‘Brexit’ Revolt Casts a Shadow Over Clinton’s Path of Caution. New York Times. 2016;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Experimentation
ISSN (print)1759-4499
Scope

Other styles