How to format your references using the Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lodge DM. Faith and science can find common ground. Nature. 2015;523:503.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Liebman SW, Haber JE. Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science. 2013;342:1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Balser DS, Rood RT, Bania TM. Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science. 2007;317:1170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Shin J, Bossenz M, Chung Y, et al. Maternal Rnf12/RLIM is required for imprinted X-chromosome inactivation in mice. Nature. 2010;467:977–981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Storhas W. Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Zhao M, Sha J, editors. Communications and Information Processing: International Conference, ICCIP 2012 Aveiro, Portugal, March 7-11, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zwick B, Joldes GR, Wittek A, et al. Numerical Algorithm for Simulation of Soft Tissue Swelling and Shrinking in a Total Lagrangian Explicit Dynamics Framework. In: Doyle B, Miller K, Wittek A, et al., editors. Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: New Approaches and New Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Are Artificial Wombs And Lab-Grown Babies The Future Of Childbirth? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015. Report No.: GAO-16-199T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kraka EK. Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stewart JB. Wells Fargo Case Tests a Get-Tough Approach. New York Times. 2016 Sep 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInverse Problems in Science and Engineering
AbbreviationInverse Probl. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1741-5977
ISSN (online)1741-5985
ScopeComputer Science Applications
General Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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