How to format your references using the The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward B. B. 2013. Oceans. How nitrogen is lost. Science, 341:352–353.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cisek P. & Kalaska J. F. 2004. Neural correlates of mental rehearsal in dorsal premotor cortex. Nature, 431:993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gómez-Llobregat J., Buceta J. & Reigada R. 2013. Interplay of cytoskeletal activity and lipid phase stability in dynamic protein recruitment and clustering. Sci. Rep., 3:2608.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Schmidt J., Brilliantov N., Spahn F. & Kempf S. 2008. Slow dust in Enceladus’ plume from condensation and wall collisions in tiger stripe fractures. Nature, 451:685–688.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fan J. 2010. Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sageng J. R., Fossheim H. & Mandt Larsen T. eds. 2012. The Philosophy of Computer Games. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang Y., Reiner T. & Lewis J. S. 2015. Isotopes and Procedural Imaging. In: Fong Y., Giulianotti P. C., Lewis J., Groot Koerkamp B. & Reiner T. (eds.), Imaging and Visualization in The Modern Operating Room: A Comprehensive Guide for Physicians. New York, NY, Springer. p. 69–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Researchers Reveal The Multi-Dimensional Universe Of The Brain. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Improved Management of Computer Resources Needed To Enhance Marine Corps’ Efficiency and Effectiveness. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller N. Y. 2017. Nutrition education series for female club soccer players 14 to 18 years of age. Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 2009. Why the Smoke Doesn’t Get in Their Eyes. New York Times, :CY6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cisek and Kalaska 2004; Ward 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cisek and Kalaska 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmidt et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Eukaryot. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1066-5234
ISSN (online)1550-7408

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