How to format your references using the The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers J. 2014. Planetary science: A chronometer for Earth’s age. Nature, 508:51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMurray M. A. & Gottschling D. E. 2003. An age-induced switch to a hyper-recombinational state. Science, 301:1908–1911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore A. W., Jan L. Y. & Jan Y. N. 2002. hamlet, a binary genetic switch between single- and multiple- dendrite neuron morphology. Science, 297:1355–1358.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Amrani N., Ganesan R., Kervestin S., Mangus D. A., Ghosh S. & Jacobson A. 2004. A faux 3’-UTR promotes aberrant termination and triggers nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Nature, 432:112–118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dormieux L. & Kondo D. 2016. Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sozu T. 2015. Sample Size Determination in Clinical Trials with Multiple Endpoints. 1st ed. 2015. (Sugimoto T., Hamasaki T. & Evans S. R. (eds.)). Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gesche A. H. 2006. Genetic Testing and Human Genetic Databases. In: Betta M. (ed.), The Moral, Social, and Commercial Imperatives of Genetic Testing and Screening: The Australian Case. International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands. p. 71–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. World’s Oldest Engravings Discovered on 500,000-Year-Old Shells. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Mitigate Risk of Major Disruptions. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon R. L. 2010. Neural and behavioral correlates of song prosody. Boca Raton, FL, Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G. G. 2016. At School, a ‘March’ Through the Civil Rights Movement in Visual Detail. New York Times, :C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McMurray and Gottschling 2003; Chambers 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMurray and Gottschling 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Amrani et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Eukaryot. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1066-5234
ISSN (online)1550-7408

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