How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Rural Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Rural Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Solis M. Prevention: Before the break. Nature. 2014 Apr 3;508(7494):S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nusbaum MP, Beenhakker MP. A small-systems approach to motor pattern generation. Nature. 2002 May 16;417(6886):343–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lyons TW, Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ. The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature. 2014 Feb 20;506(7488):307–15.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Arvanitidis J, Papagelis K, Margadonna S, Prassides K, Fitch AN. Temperature-induced valence transition and associated lattice collapse in samarium fulleride. Nature. 2003 Oct 9;425(6958):599–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kunz W. Species Conservation in Managed Habitats. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Chen J, Xu ZC, Xu XM, Zhang JH, editors. Animal Models of Acute Neurological Injuries. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009. XXI, 498 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang X, Wang R. Co-presence in Mixed Reality-Mediated Collaborative Design Space. In: Wang X, Tsai JJH, editors. Collaborative Design in Virtual Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Rural Health.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. What Is This Mysterious Oval Structure In Antarctica? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/what-is-this-mysterious-oval-structure-in-antarctica/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Rail Abandonments: Abandonment Activity and Shipper Views on Rail Service Loss. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Jul. Report No.: RCED-87-82.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Amezcua D. Increasing academic success for foster youth: Educational workshops and resource guides: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Abortion Case May Be Central In Confirmation. New York Times. 2005 Nov 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Rural Health
AbbreviationAust. J. Rural Health
ISSN (print)1038-5282
ISSN (online)1440-1584
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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