How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Rural Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Rural Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zachary DS. On the sustainability of an activity. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 12;4:5215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raddick MJ, Szalay AS. SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science. 2010 Aug 27;329(5995):1028–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regan CK, Craig SL, Brauman JI. Steric effects and solvent effects in ionic reactions. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2245–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Troccoli M, Belyanin A, Capasso F, Cubukcu E, Sivco DL, Cho AY. Raman injection laser. Nature. 2005 Feb 24;433(7028):845–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beckers B, Beckers P. Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Holder RD, Mitton S, editors. Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XII, 201 p. (Astrophysics and Space Science Library; vol. 395).
A chapter in an edited book
Bednar PM, Welch C. Loitering with Intent: Dealing with Human-Intensive Systems. In: Marco MD, Casalino N, editors. Interdisciplinary Aspects of Information Systems Studies: The Italian Association for Information Systems. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2008. p. 33–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Rural Health.

Blog post
Fang J. New Species Of Terror Bird Discovered in Argentina [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Improvements Needed in Laboratory Software Development Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: AIMD-95-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LeBlanc L. Group home placement for children with serious emotional disturbance: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Masood S, Hubbard B. Pakistan Approves Military Hero to Head a Tricky Saudi-Led Alliance. New York Times. 2017 Apr 2;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Rural Health
AbbreviationAust. J. Rural Health
ISSN (print)1038-5282
ISSN (online)1440-1584
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles