How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, M. 2014. Perspective: incision revision. Nature 516, S17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, P.R., and Grant, B.R. 2006. Evolution of character displacement in Darwin’s finches. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siegel, D.A., Doney, S.C., and Yoder, J.A. 2002. The North Atlantic spring phytoplankton bloom and Sverdrup’s critical depth hypothesis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, 730–733.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stelmach-Mardas, M., Mardas, M., Warchoł, W., Jamka, M., and Walkowiak, J. 2014. Successful maintenance of body weight reduction after individualized dietary counseling in obese subjects. Scientific Reports 4, 6620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, P. 2015. Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
2015. Computational and Statistical Epigenomics (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands).
A chapter in an edited book
Sourtzinos, P., Makris, D., and Remagnino, P. 2011. Highly Accurate Estimation of Pedestrian Speed Profiles from Video Sequences. In Innovations in Defence Support Systems – 3: Intelligent Paradigms in Security, P. Remagnino, D.N. Monekosso, and L.C. Jain, eds. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 71–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Cracks in Pluto’s Moon Reveal Underground Ocean (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1970. Status of Equipment, Automotive Mechanics Training Project (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M. 2012. Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., and Belson, K. 2013. Seau Had Brain Disease Found in Other Ex-Players. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Grant and Grant, 2006; Schwartz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grant and Grant, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Stelmach-Mardas et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
AbbreviationAust. J. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)0812-0099
ISSN (online)1440-0952
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
General Environmental Science

Other styles