How to format your references using the Acta Diabetologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Diabetologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Humphries C (2011) Genetics: Profiling a shape-shifter. Nature 480:S50-1
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pawlowska TE, Taylor JW (2004) Organization of genetic variation in individuals of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 427:733–737
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ding WW, Murray F, Stuart TE (2006) Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences. Science 313:665–667
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhao Y, Araki S, Wu J, et al (2011) An expanded palette of genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators. Science 333:1888–1891

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blundell A, Harrison R, Turney B (2010) The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Abdalla M, Lange T (2013) Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2012: 5th International Conference, Cologne, Germany, May 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Marchesin P (2016) The Securitization of Aid: The Case of France. In: Brown S, Grävingholt J (eds) The Securitization of Foreign Aid. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 64–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Diabetologica.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Scientists Find Vessels That Connect Immune System And Brain. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/vessels-found-connect-immune-system-and-brain/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2016) Federal Acquisitions: Use of “Other Transaction” Agreements Limited and Mostly for Research and Development Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Magner TJ (2014) Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barker K, Shah PZ, Goldstein J, Silver-Greenberg J (2016) From Class Clown to Manhattan Bomb Suspect. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Diabetologica
AbbreviationActa Diabetol.
ISSN (print)0940-5429
ISSN (online)1432-5233
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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