How to format your references using the Acta Diabetologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Diabetologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jones CW (2003) Materials science. Zeolites go organic. Science 300:439–440
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hansen JD, Reich J (2015) Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses. Science 350:1245–1248
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Körtner G, Brigham RM, Geiser F (2000) Winter torpor in a large bird. Nature 407:318
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yuki K, Yoshida Y, Inagaki R, et al (2014) E-cadherin-downregulation and RECK-upregulation are coupled in the non-malignant epithelial cell line MCF10A but not in multiple carcinoma-derived cell lines. Sci Rep 4:4568

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Godwin W (2013) International Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Koyamada K, Tamura S, Ono O (2007) Systems Modeling and Simulation: Theory and Applications, Asia Simulation Conference 2006. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Shirabe T (2011) Information on the Consequence of a Move and Its Use for Route Improvisation Support. In: Egenhofer M, Giudice N, Moratz R, Worboys M (eds) Spatial Information Theory: 10th International Conference, COSIT 2011, Belfast, ME, USA, September 12-16, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Diabetologica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) There’s No Evidence Of Any Health Benefits To Eating Your Placenta. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/theres-probably-no-health-benefit-eating-your-placenta/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1992) FTS 2000: Mandatory Use. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Park JK (2012) Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chan S (2017) BBC Publishes Pay of Top Stars, Revealing Gender and Racial Gaps. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Diabetologica
AbbreviationActa Diabetol.
ISSN (print)0940-5429
ISSN (online)1432-5233
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles