How to format your references using the Acta Diabetologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Diabetologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grove EA (2008) Neuroscience. Organizing the source of memory. Science 319:288–289
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bayley H, Cremer PS (2001) Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature 413:226–230
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Osawa M, Anderson DE, Erickson HP (2008) Reconstitution of contractile FtsZ rings in liposomes. Science 320:792–794
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rajakulendran T, Sahmi M, Lefrançois M, et al (2009) A dimerization-dependent mechanism drives RAF catalytic activation. Nature 461:542–545

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Moll W, Moll A (2011) Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Moreno-Arribas MV, Bartolomé Suáldea B (2016) Wine Safety, Consumer Preference, and Human Health, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
AL-Hussaini EK, Ahsanullah M (2015) Family of Exponentiated Burr Type XII Distributions. In: Ahsanullah M (ed) Exponentiated Distributions. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 103–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Diabetologica.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Cockatoos Can Draw Conclusions Too. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/cockatoos-can-draw-conclusions-too/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA Aeronautics: Protecting Sensitive Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hubbard WL (2009) The perceptions of public school administrators toward technology effectiveness and adequacy in curriculum and instruction in the Golden Triangle Public Schools of Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Swansburg J (2017) Men of Summer. New York Times BR14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Diabetologica
AbbreviationActa Diabetol.
ISSN (print)0940-5429
ISSN (online)1432-5233
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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