How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, D.K. Microbiology. Feasting on minerals. Science 2010, 327, 793–794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, L.W.; Roberts, B. Bacterial immunity traded for sperm viability in male crickets. Science 2005, 309, 2031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weir, A.A.S.; Chappell, J.; Kacelnik, A. Shaping of hooks in New Caledonian crows. Science 2002, 297, 981.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maule, C.F.; Purucker, M.E.; Olsen, N.; Mosegaard, K. Heat flux anomalies in Antarctica revealed by satellite magnetic data. Science 2005, 309, 464–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, J.; Brown, W.; Howe, H. IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118801024.
An edited book
Nikookar, H. Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications; Prasad, R., Ed.; Signals and Communication Technology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; ISBN 9781402066320.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasselbalch, J.; Costa, N.; Blecken, A. Investigating the Barriers to Sustainable Procurement in the United Nations. In Humanitarian Logistics and Sustainability; Klumpp, M., Leeuw, S. de, Regattieri, A., Souza, R. de, Eds.; Lecture Notes in Logistics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 67–86 ISBN 9783319154541.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. White House Halts US Experiments on the Human Germline Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Airline Competition: Impact of FAA Legislation on Passenger Facilities Charges and Trust Fund Spending; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice, H.J. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense. New York Times 2006, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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