How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. How to make it in Moscow. Nature 2007, 448, 983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciufolini, I.; Pavlis, E.C. A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect. Nature 2004, 431, 958–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinón-Torres, M.; Rehren, T.; Freestone, I.C. Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares. Nature 2006, 444, 437–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnston, A.M.; Raven, J.A.; Beardall, J.; Leegood, R.C. Carbon fixation. Photosynthesis in a marine diatom. Nature 2001, 412, 40–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows, G.E.; Tyrl, R.J. Toxic Plants of North America; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118413425.
An edited book
Database and Expert Systems Applications: 27th International Conference, DEXA 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II; Hartmann, S., Ma, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9828; ISBN 9783319444055.
A chapter in an edited book
Slutkin, G.; Ransford, C.; Decker, R.B. Cure Violence: Treating Violence As a Contagious Disease. In Envisioning Criminology: Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery; Maltz, M.D., Rice, S.K., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 43–56 ISBN 9783319158679.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Our Oceans Have Saved The World From Warming An Insane 36°C In The Past Century (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office DOD Business Systems Modernization: Governance Mechanisms for Implementing Management Controls Need to Be Improved; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt, E.S. Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times 2015, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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