How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. Patent Examiners Call in the Jury. Nature 2007, 448, 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y.; Pfeiffer, J.K. Microbiology: A Backup for Bacteria. Nature 2014, 516, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby, E.; Henderson, B.; McFall-Ngai, M. Microbiology. We Get by with a Little Help from Our (Little) Friends. Science 2004, 303, 1305–1307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vlasov, Y.A.; O’Boyle, M.; Hamann, H.F.; McNab, S.J. Active Control of Slow Light on a Chip with Photonic Crystal Waveguides. Nature 2005, 438, 65–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W.; Wan, M. Milling Simulation; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119262893.
An edited book
Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials; Hakeem, K.R., Jawaid, M., Y. Alothman, O., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319138466.
A chapter in an edited book
Bernas, M.; Płaczek, B. Energy Aware Object Localization in Wireless Sensor Network Based on Wi-Fi Fingerprinting. In Computer Networks: 22nd International Conference, CN 2015, Brunów, Poland, June 16-19, 2015. Proceedings; Gaj, P., Kwiecień, A., Stera, P., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 33–42 ISBN 9783319194189.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Windy Weather Discovered in Young Planetary System Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office School Finance: State Efforts to Equalize Funding Between Wealthy and Poor School Districts; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarroll, M.L. Exercise and Airway Clearing Devices in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. Hip Injury Forces Kyrgios to Withdraw; Journeyman Challenges Murray. New York Times 2016, SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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