How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Japan Sets Sights on Success in Nanotechnology. Nature 2000, 408, 624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S.; Spencer, N.D. Materials Science. Sweet, Hairy, Soft, and Slippery. Science 2008, 319, 575–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wojtak, R.; Hansen, S.H.; Hjorth, J. Gravitational Redshift of Galaxies in Clusters as Predicted by General Relativity. Nature 2011, 477, 567–569.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gingerich, P.D.; Haq Mu; Zalmout, I.S.; Khan, I.H.; Malkani, M.S. Origin of Whales from Early Artiodactyls: Hands and Feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan. Science 2001, 293, 2239–2242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frikha, M. Ad Hoc Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118557747.
An edited book
The Middle Paraná River: Limnology of a Subtropical Wetland; Iriondo, M.H., Paggi, J.C., Parma, M.J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; ISBN 9783540706236.
A chapter in an edited book
Benotti, L.; Blackburn, P. Classical Planning and Causal Implicatures. In Modeling and Using Context: 7th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 26-30, 2011. Proceedings; Beigl, M., Christiansen, H., Roth-Berghofer, T.R., Kofod-Petersen, A., Coventry, K.R., Schmidtke, H.R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 26–39 ISBN 9783642242786.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Our Most Distant Space Exploration Mission Depends Upon These Next Few Weeks Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highway Funding: Alternatives for Distributing Federal Funds; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, H. Improvement of Compressive Strength of Oil Well Cement by Agitation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.; Kirkpatrick, D.D. Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law. New York Times 2007, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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