How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geha, M. Galaxy formation: Gone with the wind? Nature 2010, 463, 167–168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindsay, M.E.; Dietz, H.C. Lessons on the pathogenesis of aneurysm from heritable conditions. Nature 2011, 473, 308–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stunnenberg, H.G.; Vermeulen, M.; Atlasi, Y. Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science 2015, 347, 614–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, D.; Liu, H.; Zeng, S.; Wang, C.; Wu, Z.; Zhang, P.; Yan, J. Quantum molecular dynamics study of expanded beryllium: evolution from warm dense matter to atomic fluid. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Savaux, V.; Louët, Y. MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119005087.
An edited book
Socio-Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production; Rutz, D., Janssen, R., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319038285.
A chapter in an edited book
Djambazova, E.; Almgren, M.; Dimitrov, K.; Jonsson, E. Emerging and Future Cyber Threats to Critical Systems. In Open Research Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria, March 5-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers; Camenisch, J., Kisimov, V., Dubovitskaya, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 29–46 ISBN 9783642192272.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. Scientists Once Gave LSD To Dolphins In The Hope Of Learning To Communicate With Them (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Army Reserve Officer Education; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles, N.M. The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, H. Pentagon, Seeking Transparency, Says 11,000 U.S. Troops Are in Afghanistan. New York Times 2017, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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