How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U. To Invisibility and Beyond. Nature 2011, 471, 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, B.R.; Candotti, F. Genetics. Mosaicism--Switch or Spectrum? Science 2010, 330, 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinclair, A.R.E.; Mduma, S.; Brashares, J.S. Patterns of Predation in a Diverse Predator-Prey System. Nature 2003, 425, 288–290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hanna, J.; Saha, K.; Pando, B.; van Zon, J.; Lengner, C.J.; Creyghton, M.P.; van Oudenaarden, A.; Jaenisch, R. Direct Cell Reprogramming Is a Stochastic Process Amenable to Acceleration. Nature 2009, 462, 595–601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant, K.M. Logically Determined Design; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471702894.
An edited book
Information Systems Development: Challenges in Practice, Theory, and Education Volume 2; Barry, C., Lang, M., Wojtkowski, W., Conboy, K., Wojtkowski, G., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2009; ISBN 9780387785776.
A chapter in an edited book
Guttman, J. Hydrogeology. In The Water of the Jordan Valley: Scarcity and Deterioration of Groundwater and its Impact on the Regional Development; Hötzl, H., Möller, P., Rosenthal, E., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 55–74 ISBN 9783540777564.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. Subway’s “Chicken” Contains Just 50 Percent Chicken DNA, Says Investigation (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J.P. Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. 왜 영재반에서는 흑인과 히스패닉 학생을 보기 힘들까? New York Times 2016, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.
ISSN (online)2411-5142

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