How to format your references using the CNS Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CNS Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nogrady B. Immunotherapy: Chemical tricks. Nature. 2014;513:S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Simons M, Eichmann A. Physiology. Lymphatics are in my veins. Science. 2013;341:622–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tschöp M, Smiley DL, Heiman ML. Ghrelin induces adiposity in rodents. Nature. 2000;407:908–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wardle DA, Hörnberg G, Zackrisson O, Kalela-Brundin M, Coomes DA. Long-term effects of wildfire on ecosystem properties across an island area gradient. Science. 2003;300:972–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lader EW. Field Guide to the Arrhythmias. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Block P, Kasnitz D, Nishida A, Pollard N, editors. Occupying Disability: Critical Approaches to Community, Justice, and Decolonizing Disability. 1st ed. 2016. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. dell’Isola F, Andreaus U, Placidi L. A Still Topical Contribution of Gabrio Piola to Continuum Mechanics: The Creation of Peri-dynamics, Non-local and Higher Gradient Continuum Mechanics. In: dell’Isola F, Maier G, Perego U, Andreaus U, Esposito R, Forest S, editors. The complete works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 696–750.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CNS Drugs.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Chile Has Generated So Much Solar Power It’s Giving It Away For Free [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/chile-has-generated-so-much-solar-power-its-giving-it-away-for-free/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Oversight of State Medicaid Management Information Systems Could Be Further Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jul. Report No.: HRD-82-99.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Reynolds PR. Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. An Attack’s Fresh Resonance. New York Times. 2017 Feb 2;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCNS Drugs
AbbreviationCNS Drugs
ISSN (print)1172-7047
ISSN (online)1179-1934
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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