How to format your references using the CNS Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CNS Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wilson SM. Professional development for science teachers. Science. 2013;340:310–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Baumann P, Cech TR. Pot1, the putative telomere end-binding protein in fission yeast and humans. Science. 2001;292:1171–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Blöchliger N, Vitalis A, Caflisch A. High-resolution visualisation of the states and pathways sampled in molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6264.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wolfrum C, Asilmaz E, Luca E, Friedman JM, Stoffel M. Foxa2 regulates lipid metabolism and ketogenesis in the liver during fasting and in diabetes. Nature. 2004;432:1027–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pickles J, Smith A, Begg R, Buček M, Roukova P, Pástor R. Articulations of Capital. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Prakash H. Game Theoretic Problems in Network Economics and Mechanism Design Solutions. Narayanam R, Garg D, Narahari Y, editors. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dabbagh A. Postoperative Central Nervous System Monitoring. In: Dabbagh A, Esmailian F, Aranki SF, editors. Postoperative Critical Care for Cardiac Surgical Patients. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 129–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CNS Drugs.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Spectacular Rainbow Cloud Spotted In Jamaican Sky [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/spectacular-rainbow-cloud-spotted-jamaican-sky/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 May. Report No.: GAO-09-719T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boudreau PD. Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Wagner J. As Injury Carousel Spins, the Mets Keep Reeling. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCNS Drugs
AbbreviationCNS Drugs
ISSN (print)1172-7047
ISSN (online)1179-1934
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles