How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lakhdar ZB. Global voices of science. Following the light: opening doors to science in Tunisia. Science. 2005 Dec 2;310(5753):1435–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rowley DB, Currie BS. Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola basin, central Tibet. Nature. 2006 Feb 9;439(7077):677–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cohn A, Fehr E, Maréchal MA. Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature. 2014 Dec 4;516(7529):86–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wakim LM, Waithman J, van Rooijen N, Heath WR, Carbone FR. Dendritic cell-induced memory T cell activation in nonlymphoid tissues. Science. 2008 Jan 11;319(5860):198–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Raju KSN. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Simovici DA. Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics. 2nd ed. 2014. Djeraba C, editor. London: Springer; 2014. XI, 831 p. 93 illus. (Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Shang H, Cao G. Template-Based Synthesis of Nanorod or Nanowire Arrays. In: Bhushan B, editor. Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 161–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Men’s Magazines Are Normalizing Sexist Bigotry, Study Finds [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/mens-magazines-normalizing-sexist-bigotry/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Mar. Report No.: GAO-14-286.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shafran RF. Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY J, Mueller B, Rojas R. Witness Says Clash Over Witchcraft Preceded a Teenager’s Fatal Beating. New York Times. 2015 Oct 17;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495
Scope

Other styles