How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jayaraman KS. Cutbacks cost jobs at agricultural institute. Nature. 2002 Feb 28;415(6875):949.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wookey J, Helffrich G. Inner-core shear-wave anisotropy and texture from an observation of PKJKP waves. Nature. 2008 Aug 14;454(7206):873–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cheng YN, Wu XC, Ji Q. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature. 2004 Nov 18;432(7015):383–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Parmentier E, Colleye O, Fine ML, Frédérich B, Vandewalle P, Herrel A. Sound production in the clownfish Amphiprion clarkii. Science. 2007 May 18;316(5827):1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
English JF. The Global Future of English Studies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Hublin JJ, Harvati K, Harrison T, editors. Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XIV, 332 p. (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gardner-Thorpe C. Some Thoughts on the Medical Milieu in the Last Quarter of the Eighteenth Century as Reflected in the Life and Activities of James Parkinson (1755–1824). In: Whitaker H, Smith CUM, Finger S, editors. Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 53–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Ancient Cemetery Found Just A Stone’s Throw From Stonehenge [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/anglo-saxon-burial-grounds-found-just-stones-throw-stonehenge/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Increase Safety Focus at Local Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: RCED-90-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Newfang DA. A Historical Assessment of Asbestos Exposure, Abatement Methods and Containment Efficacy During Asbestos Containing Material Removal Activities at a Large Federal Facility [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Eligon J. Family of Man Shot by Officer Settles Suit. New York Times. 2017 Jun 21;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495
Scope

Other styles