How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasinger G. Peeking into the obscured universe. Nature. 2000 Mar 30;404(6777):443, 445–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Delbarco-Trillo J, Ferkin MH. Male mammals respond to a risk of sperm competition conveyed by odours of conspecific males. Nature. 2004 Sep 23;431(7007):446–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao Y, Samal E, Srivastava D. Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis. Nature. 2005 Jul 14;436(7048):214–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Feuillet-Palma C, Todorov Y, Vasanelli A, Sirtori C. Strong near field enhancement in THz nano-antenna arrays. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang F, Klette R, Scheibe K. Panoramic Imaging. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Prasad R. WiMAX Networks: Techno-Economic Vision and Challenges. Velez FJ, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. XXVII, 488 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Krausgrill B, Halbach M, Hescheler J. Cardiac Cell Replacement Therapy With Pluripotent Stem Cell Derived Cardiomyocytes. In: Hescheler J, Hofer E, editors. Adult and Pluripotent Stem Cells: Potential for Regenerative Medicine of the Cardiovascular System. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 71–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
Andrew E. Human Trial Investigating Cannabis As A Brain Cancer Treatment Set To Begin This Year [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Contracts Awarded by the Social and Rehabilitation Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on a Noncompetitive Basis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(3).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez G. Creating Integrated, Inquiry Science Lessons Based on Early Childhood Science Activities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Musk Has Trump’s Ear, and Market Takes Note. New York Times. 2017 Jan 26;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495

Other styles