How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Imported stem cells deepen Germany’s ethical divide. Nature. 2001 Jul 5;412(6842):4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volkow ND, Baler RD. Neuroscience. To stop or not to stop? Science. 2012 Feb 3;335(6068):546–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li de la Sierra-Gallay I, Pellegrini O, Condon C. Structural basis for substrate binding, cleavage and allostery in the tRNA maturase RNase Z. Nature. 2005 Feb 10;433(7026):657–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Z, Zhang J, Kwong G, Li J, Fan Z, Deng X, et al. All-carbon sp-sp2 hybrid structures: geometrical properties, current rectification, and current amplification. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa VF. Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Tsang S, Men H, editors. China in the Xi Jinping Era. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXI, 352 p. 10 illus., 2 illus. in color. (The Nottingham China Policy Institute Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Arndt M, Berns K. Mobile Robots in Smart Environments: The Current Situation. In: Levi P, Zweigle O, Häußermann K, Eckstein B, editors. Autonomous Mobile Systems 2012: 22 Fachgespräch Stuttgart, 26 bis 28 September 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 39–47. (Informatik aktuell).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
Carpineti A. New Evidence Claims To Support Alternative Theory Of Gravity [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicaid: States’ Efforts to Maximize Federal Reimbursements Highlight Need for Improved Federal Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-836T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold JM. Accountability in British Columbia: A case study connecting policy and practice [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isbister M. The Joy of Making Things. New York Times. 2011 Sep 18;BU10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495

Other styles