How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scarpa R. Volcanology. Predicting volcanic eruptions. Science. 2001 Jul 27;293(5530):615–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Imondi R, Thomas JB. Neuroscience. The ups and downs of Wnt signaling. Science. 2003 Dec 12;302(5652):1903–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bahmani B, Bacon D, Anvari B. Erythrocyte-derived photo-theranostic agents: hybrid nano-vesicles containing indocyanine green for near infrared imaging and therapeutic applications. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2180.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Drews B, Roellig K, Menzies BR, Shaw G, Buentjen I, Herbert CA, et al. Ultrasonography of wallaby prenatal development shows that the climb to the pouch begins in utero. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tebbani S, Lopes F, Filali R, Dumur D, Pareau D. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Zhao RC, editor. Stem Cells: Basics and Clinical Translation. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. XIII, 510 p. 39 illus., 34 illus. in color. (Translational Medicine Research; vol. 1).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pfeiffer H. Hydration Forces Between Lipid Bilayers: A Theoretical Overview and a Look on Methods Exploring Dehydration. In: Disalvo EA, editor. Membrane Hydration: The Role of Water in the Structure and Function of Biological Membranes. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 69–104. (Subcellular Biochemistry).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Contractor Digs Up 14,000-Year-Old Mastodon Skeleton In Neighbor’s Backyard [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/contractor-digs-14000-year-old-mastodon-skeleton-neighbours-backyard/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research and Development: FAA Could Improve How It Develops Its Portfolio and Reports Its Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Apr. Report No.: GAO-17-372.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Buckingham T. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. ‘Friday File’: The Whitney’s 1966 Debut (Now the Met Breuer). New York Times. 2016 Feb 26;C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495
Scope

Other styles