How to format your references using the Australian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Call for more accelerator research. Nature. 2000 Jun 29;405(6790):988.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pouille F, Scanziani M. Enforcement of temporal fidelity in pyramidal cells by somatic feed-forward inhibition. Science. 2001 Aug 10;293(5532):1159–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue H, Lay T, Koper KD. En échelon and orthogonal fault ruptures of the 11 April 2012 great intraplate earthquakes. Nature. 2012 Oct 11;490(7419):245–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gori S, Agrillo C, Dadda M, Bisazza A. Do fish perceive illusory motion? Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 23;4:6443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll N. Minerva’s Night Out. Oxford: A John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Krause J. SharePoint 2010 as a Development Platform. Langhirt C, Sterff A, Pehlke B, Döring M, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010. 1164 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rathbone M, Rathbone B. Helicobacter pylori and Gastric Cancer. In: Jankowski JAZ, editor. Inflammation and Gastrointestinal Cancers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 83–97. (Recent Results in Cancer Research).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Family Physician.

Blog post
Davis J. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Nepal Is At Risk From Another Big Earthquake. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: DOT’s Implementation of Airline Regulatory Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: RCED-89-93.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newcomb S. Reliability of the CVI range: A functional vision assessment for children with cortical visual impairment [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay G, Doyle M, Pethokoukis J. Planned U.S. Tax Might Hurt Europe’s Banks Less. New York Times. 2010 Jan 15;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0300-8495

Other styles