How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorial Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorial Optimization (J Comb Optim). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whyard S (2015) Plant science. Insecticidal RNA, the long and short of it. Science 347:950–951
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoltz DB, Whitfield JB (2009) Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science 323:884–885
A journal article with 3 authors
Reece SE, Drew DR, Gardner A (2008) Sex ratio adjustment and kin discrimination in malaria parasites. Nature 453:609–614
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liberman MC, Gao J, He DZZ, et al (2002) Prestin is required for electromotility of the outer hair cell and for the cochlear amplifier. Nature 419:300–304

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kent J (2017) ADA in Details. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Huang D-S, McGinnity M, Heutte L, Zhang X-P (eds) (2010) Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sakiyama K, Batina L (2010) Arithmetic for Public-Key Cryptography. In: Verbauwhede IMR (ed) Secure Integrated Circuits and Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorial Optimization.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Our Gut Microbes Aren’t Nearly as Diverse as those of Hunter-Gatherers. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/our-gut-microbes-arent-nearly-diverse-those-hunter-gatherers/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) School Facilities: America’s Schools Report Differing Conditions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez A (2013) The Latino immigrant families and involvement with child welfare system: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Agree to Revisit Child Pornography Laws. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teitelbaum 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ito 2001; Clevers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorial Optimization
AbbreviationJ. Comb. Optim.
ISSN (print)1382-6905
ISSN (online)1573-2886
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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