How to format your references using the Haematologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Haematologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eggleston AK. RNA silencing. Nature 2009;457(7228):395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rehwinkel J, Reis e Sousa C. RIGorous detection: exposing virus through RNA sensing. Science 2010;327(5963):284–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink JD, Beniash E, Stupp SI. Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science 2001;294(5547):1684–1688.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilkins RW, Hodges DA, Laurienti PJ, Steen M, Burdette JH. Network science and the effects of music preference on functional brain connectivity: from Beethoven to Eminem. Sci Rep 2014;46130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kula G, Raab M, Stahn S. Beyond Smart Beta. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Kastensmidt FL. Fault-Tolerance Techniques for SRAM-based FPGAs. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. XVI, 184 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Münstedt H, Schwarzl FR. Linear Viscoelastic Deformation Behavior in Simple Shear. In: Schwarzl FR, editor. Deformation and Flow of Polymeric Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p121–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Haematologica.

Blog post
Andrew E. Optical Tweezers: Splitting and Colliding Ultracold Atom Clouds. IFLScience. (2014, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Free Shuttle Service for Commuting Employees on Mississippi River, New Orleans, Louisiana. B-159695Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; April 1, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best W. Beneath the Silence. Doctoral DissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times, April 12, 2009, WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHaematologica
ISSN (print)0390-6078
ISSN (online)1592-8721

Other styles