How to format your references using the Haematologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Haematologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Towe KM. The problematic rise of Archean oxygen. Science 2002;295(5559):1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patel AD, Balaban E. Temporal patterns of human cortical activity reflect tone sequence structure. Nature 2000;404(6773):80–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark CJ, Elias DO, Prum RO. Aeroelastic flutter produces hummingbird feather songs. Science 2011;333(6048):1430–1433.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Demers-Carpentier V, Goubert G, Masini F, et al. Direct observation of molecular preorganization for chirality transfer on a catalyst surface. Science 2011;334(6057):776–780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G, Levin B. The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Kreutzmann H, editor. Pastoral practices in High Asia: Agency of “development” effected by modernisation, resettlement and transformation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. XVI, 352 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun L, Saqi R, Xie H. Research on the Fouling Prediction of Heat Exchanger Based on Wavelet Relevance Vector Machine. In: Zeng Z, Wang J, editors. Advances in Neural Network Research and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Haematologica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Google’s AlphaGo Just Beat The Chinese Grandmaster In A “God-Like” Victory. IFLScience. (2017, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Federal Action Needed to Strengthen Domestic Air Cargo Security. GAO-06-76Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; October 17, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin LD. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. Doctoral DissertationUniversity of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Rock Telethon in Russia, Echoing the Mood of 9/11. New York Times, September 9, 2004, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHaematologica
ISSN (print)0390-6078
ISSN (online)1592-8721

Other styles