How to format your references using the Haematologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Haematologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crawley JN. Medicine. Testing hypotheses about autism. Science 2007;318(5847):56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barber MF, Elde NC. Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin. Science 2014;346(6215):1362–1366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbins AP, Evans BR, Sambles JR. Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons. Science 2005;308(5722):670–672.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garnero EJ, Maupin V, Lay T, Fouch MJ. Variable azimuthal anisotropy in Earth’s lowermost mantle. Science 2004;306(5694):259–261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens H. Applied Building Physics. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Hirose A, Ozawa S, Doya K, Ikeda K, Lee M, Liu D, editors. Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIX, 739 p. 252 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Scheffers AM, Kelletat DH. Lakes Adapted to Landscapes and Climate. In: Kelletat DH, editor. Lakes of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p243–287.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Haematologica.

Blog post
Taub B. Scientists May Have Discovered The Neural Basis Of Human Intelligence. IFLScience. (2016, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of the Marine Corps Integrated Fire and Air Support System. NSIAD-86-111FSWashington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; April 28, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna M. A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design. Doctoral DissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Sharing a Name With His Game, and Doing His Best to Live Up to It. New York Times, May 29, 2017, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHaematologica
ISSN (print)0390-6078
ISSN (online)1592-8721

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