How to format your references using the Haematologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Haematologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morken JP. Organic chemistry: Catalysis marches on. Nature 2014;508(7496):324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emery NJ, Clayton NS. Effects of experience and social context on prospective caching strategies by scrub jays. Nature 2001;414(6862):443–446.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoeva MV, Yin H, Flier JS. Neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of adult mice: potential role in energy balance. Science 2005;310(5748):679–683.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nam M-S, Mézière C, Batail P, Zorina L, Simonov S, Ardavan A. Superconducting fluctuations in organic molecular metals enhanced by Mott criticality. Sci Rep 2013;33390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth C, Faulkner WH Jr. Review Questions for MRI. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2013.
An edited book
Eaton C, Seegenschmiedt MH, Bayat A, Gabbiani G, Werker P, Wach W, editors. Dupuytren’s Disease and Related Hyperproliferative Disorders: Principles, Research, and Clinical Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XXIII, 474 p. 253 illus., 198 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Erikson RS, Ghitza Y. Legislative Leaders as Condorcet Winners? The Case of the U.S. Congress. In: Gallego M, Schofield N, editors. The Political Economy of Social Choices. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Haematologica.

Blog post
Andrew E. Robots Could Use 3D Printing To Build Mars Bases Before Astronauts Arrive. IFLScience. (2014, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Practices Followed in Equipping Academic Facilities Constructed Under the Higher Education Facilities Act. 092710Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; April 17, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bannister RM. To What Extent Are the Grade Configurations of Middle/High Schools and High Schools Related to Student Engagement? Doctoral DissertationGeorge Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Still Exerting a Hold on Science. New York Times, June 24, 2014, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHaematologica
ISSN (print)0390-6078
ISSN (online)1592-8721

Other styles