How to format your references using the Haematologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Haematologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minsky M. Time for an aspirin. Nature 2000;403(6770):592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang T, Overgaard J. Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science 2007;315(5808):49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnham KW, Nelson J, Stevens RA. Did civil reactors supply plutonium for weapons? Nature 2000;407(6806):833–834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heppner FL, Musahl C, Arrighi I, et al. Prevention of scrapie pathogenesis by transgenic expression of anti-prion protein antibodies. Science 2001;294(5540):178–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cochetti R. Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Yung B, Kam Por Y, editors. Ethical Dilemmas in Public Policy: The Dynamics of Social Values in the East-West Context of Hong Kong. 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer; 2016. VIII, 212 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lipani A, Piroi F, Andersson L, Hanbury A. An Information Retrieval Ontology for Information Retrieval Nanopublications. In: Kanoulas E, Lupu M, Clough P, et al., editors. Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction: 5th International Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2014, Sheffield, UK, September 15-18, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p44–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Haematologica.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Actually Are You? IFLScience. (2014, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues. T-AIMD-96-134Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; July 26, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau L. Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology. Doctoral DissertationUniversity of California San Diego; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. A Positive Approach To An Incurable Disease. New York Times, November 8, 1999, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHaematologica
ISSN (print)0390-6078
ISSN (online)1592-8721

Other styles