How to format your references using the Australian Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2015). Mental health: Monsters in the mirror. Nature 526, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lingwood, D., and Simons, K. (2010). Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327, 46–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaccari, N. E., Edgecombe, G. D., and Escudero, C. (2004). Cambrian origins and affinities of an enigmatic fossil group of arthropods. Nature 430, 554–557.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao-Hong, Z., Lan-Hua, L., Wei-Qi, X., Bao-Dong, S., Jian-Wu, S., Miao, H., and Han-Chang, S. (2014). A reusable evanescent wave immunosensor for highly sensitive detection of bisphenol A in water samples. Scientific reports 4, 4572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattu, A., Grossman, S. A., and Rosen, P. L. (2016). ‘Geriatric Emergencies’. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.)
An edited book
Ahmed, M. U., Begum, S., and Raad, W. (Eds.) (2016). ‘Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers’. (Springer International Publishing: Cham.)
A chapter in an edited book
Spengel, C., and Zöllkau, Y. (2012). D. Results. In ‘Common Corporate Tax Base (CC(C)TB) and Determination of Taxable Income: An International Comparison’. (Eds C. Spengel and Y. Zöllkau.) pp. 85–98. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Mammalogy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). The Earliest Life In The Universe Could Have Formed On Planets Made Of Diamond. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Oversight Role. GAO-10-293T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello, D. M. (2010). Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Lucky Loser in Qualifying Becomes Tired Winner of the Bronx Classic. New York Times, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lingwood and Simons 2010; Dolgin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lingwood and Simons 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao-Hong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Mammalogy
AbbreviationAust. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0310-0049
ISSN (online)1836-7402
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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