How to format your references using the Aula Abierta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aula Abierta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). OCEANOGRAPHY: Missing Mixing Found in the Deep Sea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5473), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kossinets, G., & Watts, D. J. (2006). Empirical analysis of an evolving social network. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5757), 88–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serganov, A., Huang, L., & Patel, D. J. (2008). Structural insights into amino acid binding and gene control by a lysine riboswitch. Nature, 455(7217), 1263–1267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sanz, J. L., Chiappe, L. M., Fernández-Jalvo, Y., Ortega, F., Sánchez-Chillón, B., Poyato-Ariza, F. J., & Pérez-Moreno, B. P. (2001). An early Cretaceous pellet. Nature, 409(6823), 998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raheja, D. G., & Allocco, M. (2006). Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nambiar, R., & Poess, M. (Eds.). (2016). Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: Traditional to Big Data to Internet of Things: 7th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2015, Kohala Coast, HI, USA, August 31 – September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 9508). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajeshwari, D. S., Rao, P. V., & Rajesh, V. (2016). Charge Pump with Improved High-Swing Cascode Current Source for Accurate Current Matching in DPLL. In S. S. Dash, M. A. Bhaskar, B. K. Panigrahi, & S. Das (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015 (pp. 39–47). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aula Abierta.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 1). US Military’s “Self-steering” Bullets Can Hit A Moving Target. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Deaf Education: Improved Oversight Needed for National Technical Institute for the Deaf (HRD-94-23). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilbur, L. J. (2017). Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, N. (2017, May 2). Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; Kossinets & Watts, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kossinets & Watts, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Serganov et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sanz et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAula Abierta
ISSN (print)0210-2773

Other styles