How to format your references using the Aula Abierta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aula Abierta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloat, D. L. (2009). South Dakota school replies to sexual harassment claims. Nature, 460(7258), 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wibberley, C. A. J., & Shimamoto, T. (2005). Earthquake slip weakening and asperities explained by thermal pressurization. Nature, 436(7051), 689–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal, A. F., Brodie, E. D., 3rd, & Brown, J. (2001). Parent-offspring coadaptation and the dual genetic control of maternal care. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1710–1712.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yonemitsu, T., Kuroki, C., Takahashi, N., Mori, Y., Kanmura, Y., Kashiwadani, H., Ootsuka, Y., & Kuwaki, T. (2013). TRPA1 detects environmental chemicals and induces avoidance behavior and arousal from sleep. Scientific Reports, 3, 3100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson, B., Bria, A., Lind, J., Lönnqvist, P., & Norlin, C. (2005). Wireless Foresight. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Adhikari, A. (2010). Developing Multi-Database Mining Applications (P. Ramachandrarao & W. Pedrycz, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen, C. T. (2014). Integrated Pest Management in the Southern United States of America: Changing Technology and Infrastructure—Implications for the Future. In R. Peshin & D. Pimentel (Eds.), Integrated Pest Management: Experiences with Implementation, Global Overview, Vol.4 (pp. 99–152). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aula Abierta.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 12). Drink A Glass Of Olive Oil Every Day – The Mediterranean Way To A Long Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Federal Oversight of State Medicaid Management Information Systems Could Be Further Improved (HRD-82-99). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best, W. (2009). Beneath the Silence [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 20). Even the Reliable Must Face the Inevitable. New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloat, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sloat, 2009; Wibberley & Shimamoto, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wibberley & Shimamoto, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Agrawal et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yonemitsu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAula Abierta
ISSN (print)0210-2773

Other styles