How to format your references using the Aula Abierta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aula Abierta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pernet, B. (2004). The cryptic filtering house of an invertebrate larva. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5702), 1757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cantalupo, C., & Hopkins, W. D. (2001). Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature, 414(6863), 505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krishnamurthy, H., Piscitelli, C. L., & Gouaux, E. (2009). Unlocking the molecular secrets of sodium-coupled transporters. Nature, 459(7245), 347–355.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chao, W., Huynh, K. D., Spencer, R. J., Davidow, L. S., & Lee, J. T. (2002). CTCF, a candidate trans-acting factor for X-inactivation choice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 345–347.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maier, H. (2015). Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Olivetti, L. (2008). Diagnostica per immagini dell’apparato urogenitale (L. Grazioli, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kleinbaum, D. G., & Klein, M. (2012). Evaluating the Proportional Hazards Assumption. In M. Klein (Ed.), Survival Analysis: A Self-Learning Text, Third Edition (pp. 161–200). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aula Abierta.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 9). Mars Rover Observations Suggest Giant Crater Used To Hold An Ancient Lake. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Space Based Infrared System High Program and its Alternative (GAO-07-1088R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Talice, K. W. (2017). An Assessment of Veterans Affairs Healthcare Leadership Competencies [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 7). Officials Investigating Odd Betting Patterns During Early Match. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pernet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cantalupo & Hopkins, 2001; Pernet, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cantalupo & Hopkins, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Krishnamurthy et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chao et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAula Abierta
ISSN (print)0210-2773

Other styles