How to format your references using the Aula Abierta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aula Abierta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lagendijk, A. (2005). Pushing for power. Nature, 438(7067), 429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, G., & Zheng, S.-Y. (2014). Construction of a high-performance magnetic enzyme nanosystem for rapid tryptic digestion. Scientific Reports, 4, 6947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lake, B. M., Salakhutdinov, R., & Tenenbaum, J. B. (2015). Human-level concept learning through probabilistic program induction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6266), 1332–1338.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Prakriya, M., Feske, S., Gwack, Y., Srikanth, S., Rao, A., & Hogan, P. G. (2006). Orai1 is an essential pore subunit of the CRAC channel. Nature, 443(7108), 230–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knuth, E. (2011). Trading Between the Lines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berkowitz, S. (Ed.). (2013). Cleft Lip and Palate: Diagnosis and Management (3rd ed. 2013). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scherzer, O., Grasmair, M., Grossauer, H., Haltmeier, M., & Lenzen, F. (2009). Convex Regularization Methods for Denoising. In M. Grasmair, H. Grossauer, M. Haltmeier, & F. Lenzen (Eds.), Variational Methods in Imaging (pp. 115–158). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aula Abierta.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 16). Curiosity Catches A Whiff Of Methane On Mars – And A Possibility Of Past Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Benchmarking: Costly and Difficult, but Often Necessary When Buying Computer Equipment or Services (AFMD-83-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuquero, J. M. (2010). A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, July 27). Strange Weather. New York Times, C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lagendijk, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cheng & Zheng, 2014; Lagendijk, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng & Zheng, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lake et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Prakriya et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAula Abierta
ISSN (print)0210-2773

Other styles