How to format your references using the Aula Abierta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aula Abierta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guo, Q. (2005). Plant communities: ecosystem maturity and performance. Nature, 435(7045), E6; discussion E6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly, J. P., & Woodruff, J. D. (2007). Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon. Nature, 447(7143), 465–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, L., Song, K., & Hase, W. L. (2002). A SN2 reaction that avoids its deep potential energy minimum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 875–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuo, W.-J., Sjöström, T., Chen, Y.-P., Wang, Y.-H., & Huang, C.-Y. (2009). Intuition and deliberation: two systems for strategizing in the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5926), 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, N. (2013). Eclipse of Grace. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Papantonopoulos, E. (Ed.). (2005). The Physics of the Early Universe (Vol. 653). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krickeberg, K., Pham, V. T., & Pham, T. M. H. (2012). Infectious Diseases: Modelling, Immunity. In V. T. Pham & T. M. H. Pham (Eds.), Epidemiology: Key to Prevention (pp. 37–46). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aula Abierta.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). The Biggest Source of Plastic Trash You’ve Never Heard Of. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies (No. GAO-14-690T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, I. (2017). Strong-DISM: A First Attempt to a Dynamically Typed Assembly Language (D-TAL) (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2014, August 11). A New Life for Refugees, and the City They Adopted. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guo, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Donnelly & Woodruff, 2007; Guo, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donnelly & Woodruff, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Sun, Song, & Hase, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kuo, Sjöström, Chen, Wang, & Huang, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAula Abierta
ISSN (print)0210-2773

Other styles