How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J. TOXICOLOGY: Panel Urges Further Study of Biotech Corn. Science. 2000;290(5498):1867a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gardner A, West SA. Ecology. Spite among siblings. Science. 2004;305(5689):1413-1414.
A journal article with 3 authors
McMahon SM, Miller KH, Drake J. Social science and ecology. Networking tips for social scientists and ecologists. Science. 2001;293(5535):1604-1605.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chi TH, Wan M, Zhao K, et al. Reciprocal regulation of CD4/CD8 expression by SWI/SNF-like BAF complexes. Nature. 2002;418(6894):195-199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reason B, Løvlie L, Brand Flu M. Service Design for Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Goulletquer P. Biodiversity in the Marine Environment. (Gros P, Boeuf G, Weber J, eds.). Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Marks NJ, Maule AG. Neuropeptides in Helminths: Occurrence and Distribution. In: Geary TG, Maule AG, eds. Neuropeptide Systems as Targets for Parasite and Pest Control. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US; 2010:49-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Saturn’s Bulge Tells Us That Some Of Its Moons Are Younger Than Thought. IFLScience. Published December 9, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Borrower Interest Rates Cannot Be Set in Advance to Precisely and Consistently Balance Federal Revenues and Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini B. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. June 30, 2017:MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996

Other styles