How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
DeWeerdt S. Food: The omnivore’s labyrinth. Nature. 2011;471(7339):S22-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chambers JQ, Roberts DA. Ecology: drought in the congo basin. Nature. 2014;509(7498):36-37.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Saito C, Shinzawa K, Tsujimoto Y. Synchronized necrotic death of attached hepatocytes mediated via gap junctions. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5169.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kawahara Y, Zinshteyn B, Sethupathy P, Iizasa H, Hatzigeorgiou AG, Nishikura K. Redirection of silencing targets by adenosine-to-inosine editing of miRNAs. Science. 2007;315(5815):1137-1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ruppel W. GAAP for Governments 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Petersen TJ, E. Sprich S, Wilhelm S, eds. The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ambler T, Chavan M, Clarke J, Matthews N. Climates of Communication: Collegiality, Affect, Spaces and Attitudes in Peer Review. In: Sachs J, Parsell M, eds. Peer Review of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: International Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014:67-84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Stark IPCC Climate Report Shows The Time For Talking Is Over. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/stark-ipcc-climate-report-shows-time-talking-over/. Published November 3, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA Could Relieve New Starts Program Funding Constraints. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eldridge Z. The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly RW. Washington’s Secret Gun Files. New York Times. June 16, 2007:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996
Scope

Other styles