How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer P. Sustainable ecosystems and society. Nature. 2014;515(7525):49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jerolmack DJ, Mohrig D. Palaeoclimatology: formation of Precambrian sediment ripples. Nature. 2005;436(7049):E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blundy J, Cashman K, Humphreys M. Magma heating by decompression-driven crystallization beneath andesite volcanoes. Nature. 2006;443(7107):76-80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lei M, Wang J, Li JR, Wang YG, Tang HL, Wang WJ. Emerging methanol-tolerant AlN nanowire oxygen reduction electrocatalyst for alkaline direct methanol fuel cell. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines P, Ferraro J, Rogers P. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Plotkin SA, ed. Mass Vaccination: Global Aspects — Progress and Obstacles. Vol 304. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Tabar P, Maalouf W. The Emergence of a ‘Diasporic Political Field’: A Case for Political Remittances. In: Nowicka M, Šerbedžija V, eds. Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:99-120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Britain Announces Creation Of World’s Largest Marine Reserve. IFLScience. Published March 19, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-Supplement to GAO-05-727. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gleason R. Nanosphere lithography applied to magnetic thin films. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. N.F.L.-Approved Therapist For Fans Draws Scrutiny. New York Times. November 29, 2012:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996

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