How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach DJ. Surface science. Hitting the surface--softly. Science. 2001;294(5551):2488-2489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacobsen SB, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Geochemistry. How old is planet Earth? Science. 2003;300(5625):1513-1514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uyanik M, Hayashi H, Ishihara K. High-turnover hypoiodite catalysis for asymmetric synthesis of tocopherols. Science. 2014;345(6194):291-294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lo B, Chou V, Cedars MI, et al. Medicine. Consent from donors for embryo and stem cell research. Science. 2003;301(5635):921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney MD. The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Selin H, Davey G, eds. Happiness Across Cultures: Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures. Vol 6. Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtz J, Wortman B. Building the Environment and Creating the Source Tree. In: Wortman B, ed. ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish. Apress; 2014:31-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Eye-Opening Parasite That Can Get In Through Your Contact Lens. IFLScience. Published May 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Questions on Administrative Costs of an Equipment Subsidy Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray TM. A Grounded Theory of U.S. Army Installation Realignment and Closure Leadership Characteristics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. An American in Syria, Offering a Window on Jihad. New York Times. March 10, 2017:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996

Other styles