How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lawler A. U.S. SPACE SCIENCE: Earmarks, Rising Costs Threaten NASA Missions. Science. 2000;289(5487):2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Long Y, Wang J. Optically-controlled extinction ratio and Q-factor tunable silicon microring resonators based on optical forces. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5409.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ford EB, Seager S, Turner EL. Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. Nature. 2001;412(6850):885-887.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mao L, Begum D, Chuang HW, et al. JOINTLESS is a MADS-box gene controlling tomato flower abscission zone development. Nature. 2000;406(6798):910-913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
AIChE technical manual. Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1.
Pham H, ed. Springer Handbook of Engineering Statistics. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Boccaccio A, Brunelli R, Lamberti L, et al. A Preliminary Investigation on the Mechanical Behavior of Umbilical Cord With Moiré Techniques. In: Jin H, Sciammarella C, Yoshida S, Lamberti L, eds. Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer International Publishing; 2015:47-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 14 Surprising Psychological Reasons Someone Might Fall In Love With You. IFLScience. Published July 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/14-surprising-psychological-reasons-someone-might-fall-in-love-with-you/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety and Security: Some Actions Already Taken to Enhance Rail Security, but Risk-Based Plan Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Backfish M. Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Isherwood C. British Inmates Learning Lessons, or Not. New York Times. January 15, 2016:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996
Scope

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