How to format your references using the Annals of Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning DP. The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature. 2001;413(6856):625-627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith ER, Mackie DM. Behavior. Surprising emotions. Science. 2009;323(5911):215-216.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zenisek D, Steyer JA, Almers W. Transport, capture and exocytosis of single synaptic vesicles at active zones. Nature. 2000;406(6798):849-854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zadnik K, Jones LA, Irvin BC, et al. Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. CLEERE Study Group. Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Ethnicity and Refractive Error. Nature. 2000;404(6774):143-144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe HE. Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
Samantaray AK. Model-Based Process Supervision: A Bond Graph Approach. (Bouamama BO, ed.). London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Penprase B. New Liberal Arts and Sciences Institutions in India and Singapore: The Role of STEM Education. In: Kirby WC, van der Wende MC, eds. Experiences in Liberal Arts and Science Education from America, Europe, and Asia: A Dialogue across Continents. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:61-73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Global Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Powerful Drugs That Can Cure Hepatitis C In Just 12 Weeks to Receive FDA Approval. IFLScience. Published November 6, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: FHWA Needs a Comprehensive Approach to Improving Project Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hongxia D. Social Process of Environmental Risk Perception, Preferences of Risk Management and Public Participation in Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Study Between the United States and China. 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Rare Violin in the Spotlight. New York Times. November 21, 2005:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Global Health
AbbreviationAnn. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2214-9996

Other styles