How to format your references using the Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts, B.: DNA replication and recombination, Nature, 421(6921), 431–435, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Post, E. and Forchhammer, M. C.: Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate, Nature, 420(6912), 168–171, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamaguchi, M., Shiga, M. and Kaburaki, H.: Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system, Science, 307(5708), 393–397, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Mattingley, J. B., Rich, A. N., Yelland, G. and Bradshaw, J. L.: Unconscious priming eliminates automatic binding of colour and alphanumeric form in synaesthesia, Nature, 410(6828), 580–582, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, T. J.: The Value of Debt in Retirement, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2015.
An edited book
Liu, J., Hebenton, B. and Jou, S., Eds.: Handbook of Asian Criminology, Springer, New York, NY., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cosci, F.: Staging of Panic Disorder: Implications for Neurobiology and Treatment, in Panic Disorder: Neurobiological and Treatment Aspects, edited by A. E. Nardi and R. C. R. Freire, pp. 113–125, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Promising Rabies Treatment Cures Mice After Symptoms Appear, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of Certain Aspects of the Head Start Program Operated by the Community Education Extension of Mary Holmes College, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tengco, M. A.: Quality Home Care: Providing Personal Care and Homemaking Services for Seniors in the Community, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R.: Pentagon Inquiry Blames ISIS for Civilian Deaths in U.S. Strike on Mosul, New York Times, 25th May, A8, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts, 2003; Post and Forchhammer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Post and Forchhammer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mattingley et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
AbbreviationAtmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)1680-7375

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