How to format your references using the Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muller, N. Z.: Economics. Boosting GDP growth by accounting for the environment, Science, 345, 873–874, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu-Baer, F. and Baer, R.: Effect of DNA damage on a BRCA1 complex, Nature, 414, 36, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Che, H., Drake, J. F., and Swisdak, M.: A current filamentation mechanism for breaking magnetic field lines during reconnection, Nature, 474, 184–187, 2011.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Apai, D., Pascucci, I., Bouwman, J., Natta, A., Henning, T., and Dullemond, C. P.: The onset of planet formation in brown dwarf disks, Science, 310, 834–836, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gee, S.: Fraud and Fraud Detection, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Alexandrov, V. N., Albada, G. D. van, Sloot, P. M. A., and Dongarra, J. (Eds.): Computational Science – ICCS 2006: 6th International Conference, Reading, UK, May 28-31, 2006. Proceedings, Part III, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXXVI, 1136 p pp., 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, S. and Shi, Y.: Normalized Population Diversity in Particle Swarm Optimization, in: Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICSI 2011, Chongqing, China, June 12-15, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, edited by: Tan, Y., Shi, Y., Chai, Y., and Wang, G., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 38–45, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions.

Blog post
Earliest Known Pterodactyloid Discovered in China:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Best Practices: Elements Critical to Successfully Reducing Unneeded RDT&E Infrastructure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, G.: The impact of song on repeated reading: An examination of comprehension, fluency, and engagement with texts of Hispanic second graders in a Title I urban school, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, A.: Putin Butts In to Claim There Were No Secrets, And Says He’ll Prove It, New York Times, 17th May, A16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muller, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Muller, 2014; Wu-Baer and Baer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu-Baer and Baer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Apai et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
AbbreviationAtmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)1680-7375

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