How to format your references using the Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Asphaug, E.: Planetary science. The shifting sands of asteroids, Science, 316(5827), 993–994, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
LaDeau, S. L. and Clark, J. S.: Rising CO2 levels and the fecundity of forest trees, Science, 292(5514), 95–98, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina, N., Fink, M. and Lerosey, G.: Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps, Sci. Rep., 3, 3240, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Lydeard, J. R., Jain, S., Yamaguchi, M. and Haber, J. E.: Break-induced replication and telomerase-independent telomere maintenance require Pol32, Nature, 448(7155), 820–823, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dao, T. T. and Ho Ba Tho, M.-C.: Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2014.
An edited book
Hötzl, H., Möller, P. and Rosenthal, E., Eds.: The Water of the Jordan Valley: Scarcity and Deterioration of Groundwater and its Impact on the Regional Development, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhuri, S. and Mukhopadhyay, U.: FDI and Relative Wage Inequality, in Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: A Theoretical Evaluation, edited by U. Mukhopadhyay, pp. 101–137, Springer India, New Delhi., 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Strangest Defence Mechanisms In The Animal Kingdom, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Labor Market Problems of Teenagers Result Largely From Doing Poorly in School, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, D.: Understanding How Perceptions of School Leadership and School Community Relationships Affected Veteran Teachers’ Decisions to Remain Working in Urban Elementary Schools, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L.: Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process, New York Times, 3rd April, A13, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Asphaug, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Asphaug, 2007; LaDeau and Clark, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (LaDeau and Clark, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lydeard et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
AbbreviationAtmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)1680-7375

Other styles