How to format your references using the Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laxminarayan, R.: Antibiotic effectiveness: balancing conservation against innovation, Science, 345, 1299–1301, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robeva, R. and Laubenbacher, R.: Mathematical biology education: beyond calculus, Science, 325, 542–543, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diemand, J., Moore, B., and Stadel, J.: Earth-mass dark-matter haloes as the first structures in the early Universe, Nature, 433, 389–391, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Hwang, H.-Y., Olson, S. K., Esko, J. D., and Horvitz, H. R.: Caenorhabditis elegans early embryogenesis and vulval morphogenesis require chondroitin biosynthesis, Nature, 423, 439–443, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mathian, H. and Sanders, L.: Spatio-Temporal Approaches, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Romano, L., Fulciniti, S., and Silva, M. (Eds.): Anatomia TC multidetettore — Body, Springer, Milano, X, 204 pagg. 450 figg pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Schrenk, P., Hall-Findlay, E. J., Fitzal, F., Grisotti, A., Casella, D., Calabrese, C., Rageth, C., Schöndorf, N. K., Rainsbury, R. M., and Huemer, G. M.: OPS and Breast Conserving Surgery (BSC), in: Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice, edited by: Fitzal, F. and Schrenk, P., Springer, Vienna, 45–132, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions.

Blog post
“Cyclops” Dung Beetles Created By Switching Off Gene That Manufactures Their Horn:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Educating Deaf Students at Federally Assisted Postsecondary Schools, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pryor, G. L.: Effects of a balance-specific exercise program on blood pressure medication usage, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: U.S. Program Can Take Heart in Germany’s Win, New York Times, 9th July, B12, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laxminarayan, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Laxminarayan, 2014; Robeva and Laubenbacher, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robeva and Laubenbacher, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hwang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
AbbreviationAtmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.
ISSN (online)1680-7375

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