How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberge A: Astronomy: Hurling comets around a planetary nursery. Nature. 2014; 514:440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wei S, Li X: Differential effects of propranolol on conditioned hyperactivity and locomotor sensitization induced by morphine in rats. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:3786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choudhary A, Kohar V, Sinha S: Taming explosive growth through dynamic random links. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:4308.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nozawa K, O’Donoghue P, Gundllapalli S, et al.: Pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA(Pyl) structure reveals the molecular basis of orthogonality. Nature. 2009; 457:1163–1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell AK: Intracellular Calcium. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Langor DW, Sweeney J (eds): Ecological Impacts of Non-Native Invertebrates and Fungi on Terrestrial Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Gendler R, Christensen LL, Malin D: The Southern Spring. In: Christensen LL, Malin D, editors. Treasures of the Southern Sky. New York, NY: Springer, 2011. p. 166–207.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Watch Live As A Giraffe Gives Birth On Camera. IFLScience. 2017; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Status, Plans, and Future Data Management Challenges. 2002; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan M: Educational practices to support homeless students. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B: Shakespeare, Commandeered Afresh. New York Times. 2017; AR28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0883-6612
ISSN (online)1532-4796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles