How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz R: Science CAREERS. Hydrogeologists tap into demand for an irreplaceable resource. Science. 2008; 321:858–859.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dorin JR, Jackson IJ: Genetics. Beta-defensin repertoire expands. Science. 2007; 318:1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siegel M, Buschman TJ, Miller EK: Cortical information flow during flexible sensorimotor decisions. Science. 2015; 348:1352–1355.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keizer RS, Goennenwein STB, Klapwijk TM, Miao G, Xiao G, Gupta A: A spin triplet supercurrent through the half-metallic ferromagnet CrO2. Nature. 2006; 439:825–827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balani K, Verma V, Agarwal A, Narayan R: Biosurfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
Shmaliy Y (ed): Continuous-Time Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Casas I, Ochoa SF, Puente J: Using Tablet PCs and Pen-Based Technologies to Support Engineering Education. In: Jacko JA, editor. Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting in Various Application Domains: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009. p. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E: Is Addiction A Brain Disease? IFLScience. 2016; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ADP Budget: SSA’s Fiscal Year 1990 Information Technology Systems Budget Request. 1989; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley MK: A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik DE: Kenny Sears, 83, Sharpshooting Forward for the Knicks. New York Times. 2017; A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0883-6612
ISSN (online)1532-4796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles