How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wain-Hobson S: H5N1 viral-engineering dangers will not go away. Nature. 2013; 495:411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde RA, Muller RA: Cycles in fossil diversity. Nature. 2005; 434:208–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Losonczy A, Makara JK, Magee JC: Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons. Nature. 2008; 452:436–441.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kohn A, Kovács A, Fan R, McIntyre GJ, Ward RCC, Goff JP: The antiferromagnetic structures of IrMn3 and their influence on exchange-bias. Sci Rep. 2013; 3:2412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M: Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
Fisher J, Pedaliu EGH, Smith R (eds): The Foreign Office, Commerce and British Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Askenazy P, Forth J: Work Organisation and Human Resource Management: Does Context Matter? In: Amossé T, Bryson A, Forth J, Petit H, editors. Comparative Workplace Employment Relations: An Analysis of Practice in Britain and France. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016. p. 141–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J: From Dashing Lizards To Splashing Hippos: London Zoo’s Animal Photography Awards 2016. IFLScience. 2016; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Security: Federal Communications Commission Needs to Strengthen Controls over Enhanced Secured Network Project. 2013; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Umstead HG: Determining the Value of Outdoor Adventure Education for Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M: Honing Their Chances With Photos and Wit. New York Times. 2014; D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0883-6612
ISSN (online)1532-4796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles