How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodson R: Small organ, big reach. Nature. 2015; 528:S118-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellweg S, Milà i Canals L: Emerging approaches, challenges and opportunities in life cycle assessment. Science. 2014; 344:1109–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaaret P, Simet MG, Lang CC: The orbital period of the ultraluminous x-ray source in M82. Science. 2006; 311:491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ritenberg M, Beilis E, Ilovitsh A, et al.: “Beating speckles” via electrically-induced vibrations of Au nanorods embedded in sol-gel. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:3666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ananthakrishnan AN, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
Frey UJ, Störmer C, Willführ KP (eds): Homo Novus – A Human Without Illusions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Waluszewski A: Contemporary Research and Innovation Policy: A Double Disservice? In: Rider S, Hasselberg Y, Waluszewski A, editors. Transformations in Research, Higher Education and the Academic Market: The Breakdown of Scientific Thought. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013. p. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K: How Technology Could Help Predict Terrorist Attacks. IFLScience. 2016; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. 1990; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy BA: Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J: An Olio of E.U. Rules, Leading to Food Fights. New York Times. 2017; B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0883-6612
ISSN (online)1532-4796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles