How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholson DW: From bench to clinic with apoptosis-based therapeutic agents. Nature. 2000; 407:810–816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strausfeld NJ, Hirth F: Deep homology of arthropod central complex and vertebrate basal ganglia. Science. 2013; 340:157–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alford RA, Dixon PM, Pechmann JH: Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature. 2001; 412:499–500.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mao WL, Mao H-K, Meng Y, et al.: X-ray-induced dissociation of H2O and formation of an O2-H2 alloy at high pressure. Science. 2006; 314:636–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss J: Handbook of Ion Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
Skolnik NS, Albert RH (eds): Essential Infectious Disease Topics for Primary Care. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng Z: New Chaos Produced from Synchronization of Chaotic Neural Networks. In: Sun F, Zhang J, Tan Y, Cao J, Yu W, editors. Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008. p. 40–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Evans K: B12 Deficiency In Mothers Raises Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes In Children. IFLScience. 2016; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Student and Exchange Visitor Program: DHS Needs to Take Actions to Strengthen Monitoring of Schools. 2012; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath CP: Comparison of waste heat driven and electrically driven cooling systems for a high ambient temperature, off-grid application. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J: An Old Log Learns Some New Tricks. New York Times. 2017; C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)0883-6612
ISSN (online)1532-4796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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