How to format your references using the European Journal of Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge DM (2015) Faith and science can find common ground. Nature 523:503
A journal article with 2 authors
Beatson SA, Walker MJ (2014) Microbiology. Tracking antibiotic resistance. Science 345:1454–1455
A journal article with 3 authors
Agarwala S, Sanders TA, Ragsdale CW (2001) Sonic hedgehog control of size and shape in midbrain pattern formation. Science 291:2147–2150
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tan L, An Z, Huh C-A, et al (2014) Cyclic precipitation variation on the western Loess Plateau of China during the past four centuries. Sci Rep 4:6381

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P (2008) Essential Guide to Generic Skills. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Li WD, McMahon C, Ong SK, Nee AYC (eds) (2007) Collaborative Product Design and Manufacturing Methodologies and Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Baracca A, Franconi R (2016) The Decisive Leap in the 1980s: The Attainment of Cuba’s Scientific Autonomy. In: Franconi R (ed) Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba’s Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Ancient Egyptian “Scandal” Discovered With X-Rays. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krug KA (2009) Critical literacy in the face of a mandated curriculum: Can children read beyond the text? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Fisher I (2017) Trump Stresses Palestinian Deal. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Beatson and Walker 2014; Lodge 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beatson and Walker 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Wildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4642
ISSN (online)1439-0574
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles