How to format your references using the European Journal of Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S (2013) Genetics: written in blood. Nature 498:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunham-Snary KJ, Ballinger SW (2015) GENETICS. Mitochondrial-nuclear DNA mismatch matters. Science 349:1449–1450
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang SM, Meng KC, Cane MA (2011) Civil conflicts are associated with the global climate. Nature 476:438–441
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lai JH, Kajiyama G, Smith RL, et al (2013) Stem cells catalyze cartilage formation by neonatal articular chondrocytes in 3D biomimetic hydrogels. Sci Rep 3:3553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson JB (2017) Bandwidth Efficient Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kleinman K (2005) Mies van der Rohe The Krefeld Villas. Princeton Archit. Press, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Eberspächer J, Schollmeier R (2005) 5. First and Second Generation of Peer-to-Peer Systems. In: Steinmetz R, Wehrle K (eds) Peer-to-Peer Systems and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Meteorites Show How Dry Mars Really Is. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Embedded Computer Systems: Significant Software Problems on C-17 Must Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada T (2012) Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) A Vanished Woman’s Strange Return. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt 2013; Dunham-Snary and Ballinger 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dunham-Snary and Ballinger 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lai et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Wildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4642
ISSN (online)1439-0574
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles