How to format your references using the European Journal of Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin K (2015) Vernon B. Mountcastle (1918-2015). Nature 518:304
A journal article with 2 authors
Donovan PJ, Gearhart J (2001) The end of the beginning for pluripotent stem cells. Nature 414:92–97
A journal article with 3 authors
Talkington MWT, Siuzdak G, Williamson JR (2005) An assembly landscape for the 30S ribosomal subunit. Nature 438:628–632
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lin J, Heo Y-U, Nattestad A, et al (2014) 3D hierarchical rutile TiO2 and metal-free organic sensitizer producing dye-sensitized solar cells 8.6% conversion efficiency. Sci Rep 4:5769

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attoh-Okine NO (2017) Big Data and Differential Privacy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Didenko VD (2008) Approximation of Additive Convolution-Like Operators: Real C*-Algebra Approach. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Högselius P, Kaijser A, van der Vleuten E (2015) Networked Food Economy. In: Kaijser A, Vleuten E van der (eds) Europe’s Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 107–140

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Study Suggests Autism Begins During Pregnancy. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/study-suggests-autism-begins-during-pregnancy/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lazareva O (2010) Constructed wetland/filter basin system as a prospective pre-treatment option for aquifer storage and recovery and a potential remedy for elevated arsenic. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2016) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Donovan and Gearhart 2001; Martin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donovan and Gearhart 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Wildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4642
ISSN (online)1439-0574
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Animal Science and Zoology
Ecology

Other styles