How to format your references using the European Journal of Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) Journals tighten up on biosecurity. Nature 421:774
A journal article with 2 authors
Vähärautio A, Taipale J (2014) Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer. Science 346:1291–1292
A journal article with 3 authors
Matter N, Herrlich P, König H (2002) Signal-dependent regulation of splicing via phosphorylation of Sam68. Nature 420:691–695
A journal article with 5 or more authors
DeMattos RB, Bales KR, Cummins DJ, et al (2002) Brain to plasma amyloid-beta efflux: a measure of brain amyloid burden in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Science 295:2264–2267

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider KA (2011) Counseling About Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Privett G (2013) The Constellation Observing Atlas. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Powsner S (2015) Psychiatric Consultation in the Emergency Setting. In: Leigh H, Streltzer J (eds) Handbook of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Three New Species Of “Dwarf Dragons” Discovered In South America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson ME (2010) Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman J (2015) For the Slothful, a Race Is a One-Step Process. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2003; Vähärautio and Taipale 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vähärautio and Taipale 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (DeMattos et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Wildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4642
ISSN (online)1439-0574
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles