How to format your references using the European Journal of Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohlsson R (2007) Genetics. Widespread monoallelic expression. Science 318:1077–1078
A journal article with 2 authors
Goto H, Uchikawa H (2013) Fault-tolerant quantum computation with a soft-decision decoder for error correction and detection by teleportation. Sci Rep 3:2044
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W-B, Huang J-F, Fan H (2013) Tunable single-photon frequency conversion in a Sagnac interferometer. Sci Rep 3:3555
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiang S, Cooper-Morgan A, Jiao X, et al (2009) Structure and function of the 5’-->3’ exoribonuclease Rat1 and its activating partner Rai1. Nature 458:784–788

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palaveev P (2012) The Ensemble Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mujib A, Šamaj J (eds) (2006) Somatic Embryogenesis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Shoukry Y, Martin P, Tabuada P, Srivastava M (2013) Non-invasive Spoofing Attacks for Anti-lock Braking Systems. In: Bertoni G, Coron J-S (eds) Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2013: 15th International Workshop, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 20-23, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Experiment Proves Einstein Wrong. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) GAO’s Review of Federal Efforts To Reduce Asbestos Hazards in Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Policarpio AM (2014) Interventions for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, typically developing siblings, and parents: A systematic review of the literature. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) How United Pulled Out Of Its Public Nose Dive. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ohlsson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ohlsson 2007; Goto and Uchikawa 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goto and Uchikawa 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Wildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4642
ISSN (online)1439-0574
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles