How to format your references using the Canine Genetics and Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canine Genetics and Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Olson EN. Gene regulatory networks in the evolution and development of the heart. Science. 2006;313:1922–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Badman MK, Flier JS. The gut and energy balance: visceral allies in the obesity wars. Science. 2005;307:1909–14.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Helled R, Galanti E, Kaspi Y. Saturn’s fast spin determined from its gravitational field and oblateness. Nature. 2015;520:202–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Alencar AM, Arold SP, Buldyrev SV, Majumdar A, Stamenović D, Stanley HE, et al. Physiology: Dynamic instabilities in the inflating lung. Nature. 2002;417:809–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lehman R, McMillan LG. Options for Volatile Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Kő A, Francesconi E, editors. Electronic Government and the Information Systems Perspective: 4th International Conference, EGOVIS 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Roza TD, Brandão S, Mascarenhas T, Duarte JA, Natal Jorge RM. Pelvic Floor Muscles Behavior in Practitioners of High and Low Impact Sports. In: Tavares JMRS, Natal Jorge RM, editors. Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 75–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canine Genetics and Epidemiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Outstanding Time-Lapse of a Stellar Explosion From Hubble [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/outstanding-time-lapse-stellar-explosion-hubble/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jul. Report No.: GAO-08-789.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Khanabadi Ghehi M. Global Operation of Integrated Decentralized Power Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gordon MR, Cooper H. Islamic State Leader Is Still at Large, Defense Secretary Says. New York Times. 2017 Jul 21;A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanine Genetics and Epidemiology
AbbreviationCanine Genet. Epidemiol.
ISSN (online)2052-6687
Scope

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