How to format your references using the Asian Journal of German and European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of German and European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad E (2000) PALEONTOLOGY: Fossils Made to Order, Any Size. Science 288:1729
A journal article with 2 authors
Rabinowitz JD, White E (2010) Autophagy and metabolism. Science 330:1344–1348
A journal article with 3 authors
Bi X, Corpina RA, Goldberg J (2002) Structure of the Sec23/24-Sar1 pre-budding complex of the COPII vesicle coat. Nature 419:271–277
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu X, Yan Z, Wu W, et al (2014) Manipulating size of Li3V2(PO4)3 with reduced graphene oxide: towards high-performance composite cathode for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:5768

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fortey RA, Bruton DL (2013) Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. The Lethaia Foundation, Norway
An edited book
Arthur DW, Vicini FA, Wazer DE, Khan AJ (eds) (2016) Short Course Breast Radiotherapy: A Comprehensive Review of Hypofractionation, Partial Breast, and Intra-Operative Irradiation. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Putora PM, Peters S, Bovet M (2015) Informatics in Radiation Oncology. In: El Naqa I, Li R, Murphy MJ (eds) Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of German and European Studies.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Fracking Chemicals Discovered In Drinking Water. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/fracking-chemicals-discovered-drinking-water/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darvish H (2015) Smart Power Grid Synchronization with Nonlinear Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) By the Time It Gets Dark. New York Times C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; Rabinowitz and White 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rabinowitz and White 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of German and European Studies
AbbreviationAsian J. Ger. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (online)2199-4579
Scope

Other styles