How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Andrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Andrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearse JS. Ecological role of purple sea urchins. Science. 2006 Nov 10;314(5801):940–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nelson WJ, Nusse R. Convergence of Wnt, beta-catenin, and cadherin pathways. Science. 2004 Mar 5;303(5663):1483–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lewis SL, Edwards DP, Galbraith D. Increasing human dominance of tropical forests. Science. 2015 Aug 21;349(6250):827–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cash HL, Whitham CV, Behrendt CL, Hooper LV. Symbiotic bacteria direct expression of an intestinal bactericidal lectin. Science. 2006 Aug 25;313(5790):1126–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandrasekaran S. Health, Safety, and Environmental Management in Offshore and Petroleum Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Salvolini U, Scarabino T, editors. High Field Brain MRI: Use in Clinical Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XVI, 240 p. 146 illus., 31 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Csanak G, Kilcrease DP, Fursa DV, Bray I. Definition of Cross Sections for the Creation, Destruction, and Transfer of Atomic Multipole Moments by Electron Scattering: Quantum Mechanical Treatment. In: Fujimoto T, Iwamae A, editors. Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 69–89. (Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Andrology.

Blog post
Taub B. Vitamin Found To Halt Aging In Muscle Tissues And Increase Lifespan [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jun. Report No.: GAO-14-690T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterji S. A novel agent-based dynamic load balancing model for cloud networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. An Online Purveyor of Polygamous Bliss. New York Times. 2016 Sep 20;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Andrology
AbbreviationAsian J. Androl.
ISSN (print)1008-682X
ISSN (online)1745-7262
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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