How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Andrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Andrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zupanc GKH. Obituary: Theodore H. Bullock (1915-2005). Nature. 2006 Jan 19;439(7074):280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harrison SA, Tong F. Decoding reveals the contents of visual working memory in early visual areas. Nature. 2009 Apr 2;458(7238):632–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill DL, Spassova MA, Soboloff J. Signal transduction. Calcium entry signals--trickles and torrents. Science. 2006 Jul 14;313(5784):183–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Elzerman JM, Hanson R, Willems Van Beveren LH, Witkamp B, Vandersypen LMK, Kouwenhoven LP. Single-shot read-out of an individual electron spin in a quantum dot. Nature. 2004 Jul 22;430(6998):431–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath AE. Darwinism and the Divine. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Hájek P. Biorthogonal Systems in Banach Spaces. Santalucía VM, Vanderwerff J, Zizler V, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. XVIII, 339 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Fortunati L, Manganelli AM, Law P-L, Yang S. Beijing Calling… Mobile Communication in Contemporary China. In: Law P-L, editor. New Connectivities in China: Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Andrology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Boeing Delays Launch Of Its New Manned Spacecraft To 2018 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: HEHS-95-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo E. Eventalizing blackness in Colombia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J, Fernandez M, Blinder A. Deadly Storm Transforms Houston Streets Into Raging Rivers. New York Times. 2017 Aug 28;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Andrology
AbbreviationAsian J. Androl.
ISSN (print)1008-682X
ISSN (online)1745-7262
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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