How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett CL (2009) Astronomy. Cosmology at a crossroads. Science 325:1347–1348
A journal article with 2 authors
Kent DV, Tauxe L (2005) Corrected Late Triassic latitudes for continents adjacent to the North Atlantic. Science 307:240–244
A journal article with 3 authors
Begun DR, Richmond BG, Strait DS (2007) Comment on “Origin of human bipedalism as an adaptation for locomotion on flexible branches.” Science 318:1066; author reply 1066
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mastrolorenzo G, Petrone PP, Pagano M, et al (2001) Herculaneum victims of Vesuvius in ad 79. Nature 410:769–770

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters M, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, Kauchali S (2011) Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lacruz CR (2014) Central Nervous System Intraoperative Cytopathology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
George M, Campagna M-C, Babber P, Faiz SA (2016) Pulmonary and Airway Emergencies. In: Manzullo EF, Gonzalez CE, Escalante CP, Yeung S-CJ (eds) Oncologic Emergencies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 93–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) Check Out These Incredible Videos Of A Star Exploding. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Has Increased Costs, Reduced Capabilities, and Delayed Schedules. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump S (2015) The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shea CD (2015) The Détente That Wasn’t: Putin’s Call to Elton John. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering
ISSN (online)2196-1166

Other styles