How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C (2012) Screening: Testing times. Nature 488:S8-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Macfarlane A, Martin G (2004) Beyond the ivory tower. A world of glass. Science 305:1407–1408
A journal article with 3 authors
Gleiche M, Chi LF, Fuchs H (2000) Nanoscopic channel lattices with controlled anisotropic wetting. Nature 403:173–175
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Honda K, Ohba Y, Yanai H, et al (2005) Spatiotemporal regulation of MyD88-IRF-7 signalling for robust type-I interferon induction. Nature 434:1035–1040

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthier J, Brakke KA, Berthier E (2016) Open Microfluidics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maio M (2009) The Male Patient in Aesthetic Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Overbeck R, Sendrier N (2009) Code-based cryptography. In: Bernstein DJ, Buchmann J, Dahmen E (eds) Post-Quantum Cryptography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 95–145

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Grainy Footage Fuels Rumor That Extinct Tasmanian Tiger Lives On. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Highway Contracting: Assessing Fraud and Abuse in FHwA’s Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lintott RW (2010) The manipulation of time perception in John Adams’s “Doctor Atomic.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2016) Perseverance Pays for Ward, a New Champion and, Maybe, the Sport’s Next Big Star. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering
ISSN (online)2196-1166

Other styles