How to format your references using the Pratique Neurologique - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratique Neurologique - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faber KT. Materials science. Small volumes create super(elastic) effects. Science 2013;341:1464–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Csabai I, Szathmáry E. Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science 2011;332:1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitney D, Westwood DA, Goodale MA. The influence of visual motion on fast reaching movements to a stationary object. Nature 2003;423:869–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
González MM, Dingus BL, Kaneko Y, Preece RD, Dermer CD, Briggs MS. A gamma-ray burst with a high-energy spectral component inconsistent with the synchrotron shock model. Nature 2003;424:749–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner D, Balog E. Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Mángano MG, Buatois LA, editors. The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events: Volume 2: Mesozoic and Cenozoic. vol. 40. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Slember J, Narasimhan P. Living with Nondeterminism in Replicated Middleware Applications. In: Steen M van, Henning M, editors. Middleware 2006: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 7th International Middleware Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 27-December 1, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratique Neurologique - FMC.

Blog post
Fang J. Mastodons Disappeared from the Arctic 50 Millennia Earlier Than We Thought. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Funding for Entitlement Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton S. The effects of leadership-efficacy and personality on reactions to stress. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Excuses, Excuses and Style Points for Alibis. New York Times 2011:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePratique Neurologique - FMC
ISSN (print)1878-7762
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles