How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lis, J.T., 2007. Imaging Drosophila gene activation and polymerase pausing in vivo. Nature 450, 198–202.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, G., Zhou, L., 2014. Zwitterionic versus canonical amino acids over the various defects in zeolites: a two-layer ONIOM calculation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory, J.M., Huybrechts, P., Raper, S.C.B., 2004. Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature 428, 616.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, J., Liao, M., Imura, M., Tanaka, A., Iwai, H., Koide, Y., 2014. Low on-resistance diamond field effect transistor with high-k ZrO2 as dielectric. Sci. Rep. 4, 6395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaschke, M., Donnerhacke, K.-H., Rill, M.S., 2014. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Brown, L. (Ed.), 2013. Pathology of the Vulva and Vagina, Essentials of Diagnostic Gynecological Pathology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Voicu, M.-C., 2009. Computational Methods for Detecting Types of Nonlinear Dynamics, in: Mastorakis, N., Mladenov, V., Kontargyri, V.T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. The 5p Carrier Bag Charge Has Paved The Way For Other Waste Reduction Policies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress (No. GAO-16-79). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, R.H.-J., 2017. A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. Everyday Minutia, and Where It Leads. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lis, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lis, 2007; Yang and Zhou, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhou, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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