How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyers, C.L., 2013. Perspective: combined forces. Nature 498, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harpole, W.S., Tilman, D., 2007. Grassland species loss resulting from reduced niche dimension. Nature 446, 791–793.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei, H., Hannon, M., Long, J.A., 2008. TOPLESS mediates auxin-dependent transcriptional repression during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Science 319, 1384–1386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dhanasekaran, S.M., Barrette, T.R., Ghosh, D., Shah, R., Varambally, S., Kurachi, K., Pienta, K.J., Rubin, M.A., Chinnaiyan, A.M., 2001. Delineation of prognostic biomarkers in prostate cancer. Nature 412, 822–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W., 2009. Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Heitjans, P., Kärger, J. (Eds.), 2005. Diffusion in Condensed Matter: Methods, Materials, Models. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiliouine, H., Estes, R.J., 2016. Social Development in North African Countries: Achievements and Current Challenges, in: Tiliouine, H., Estes, R.J. (Eds.), The State of Social Progress of Islamic Societies: Social, Economic, Political, and Ideological Challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 109–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Whales Could Inspire The Development Of Synthetic Blood [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution (No. T-RCED-91-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashrafzadeh, M.H., 2008. Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, B., 2017. Athletes Stand to Gain in a Settlement With the N.C.A.A. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyers, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Harpole and Tilman, 2007; Sawyers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harpole and Tilman, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dhanasekaran et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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