How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connerney, J., 2013. Solar system: Saturn’s ring rain. Nature 496, 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samet, J.M., Wipfli, H.L., 2010. Globe still in grip of addiction. Nature 463, 1020–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ortega, F., Escaso, F., Sanz, J.L., 2010. A bizarre, humped Carcharodontosauria (Theropoda) from the lower cretaceous of Spain. Nature 467, 203–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gulde, S., Riebe, M., Lancaster, G.P.T., Becher, C., Eschner, J., Häffner, H., Schmidt-Kaler, F., Chuang, I.L., Blatt, R., 2003. Implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on an ion-trap quantum computer. Nature 421, 48–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J.M., 2010. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mozaffari, M.S. (Ed.), 2013. New Strategies to Advance Pre/Diabetes Care: Integrative Approach by PPPM, Advances in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tonsberg, T.A., Henderson, J.S., 2016. The Universality of Praxeology, in: Henderson, J.S. (Ed.), Understanding Leadership in Complex Systems: A Praxeological Perspective, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 9–12.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Tiniest Insect Genome Sequenced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Views Differ on Need for Change to Insurance Approach but Clarification Is Needed (No. GAO-17-88). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Usborne, E.L., 2012. Sediment and phosphorus dynamics behind weirs in agricultural drainage ditches (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2013. Connect the Blocks. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connerney, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Connerney, 2013; Samet and Wipfli, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Samet and Wipfli, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Gulde et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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