How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Trust me, I’m a doctor. Nature 426, 101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eberly, J.H., Yu, T., 2007. Physics. The end of an entanglement. Science 316, 555–557.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, H., Wang, X., Zhang, Y., 2012. Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science 335, 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marshall, B.T., Long, M., Piper, J.W., Yago, T., McEver, R.P., Zhu, C., 2003. Direct observation of catch bonds involving cell-adhesion molecules. Nature 423, 190–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stegmann, J.P., 2009. Strategic Value Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Forster, B., Massopust, P. (Eds.), 2010. Four Short Courses on Harmonic Analysis: Wavelets, Frames, Time-Frequency Methods, and Applications to Signal and Image Analysis, Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Passeron, T., Ortonne, J.-P., 2010. Generalized Vitiligo, in: Picardo, M., Taïeb, A. (Eds.), Vitiligo. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Watch Baby Spiders “Explode” From Mother During Fight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Mass Transit: Historical Patterns and Future Outlook (No. T-RCED-91-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, C.A., 2010. Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilford, J.N., 2016. John Glenn, Hero of the Space Age and a Longtime Senator, Is Dead at 95. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Eberly and Yu, 2007; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eberly and Yu, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Marshall et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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