How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huarte, M., 2009. Journal club. A biologist looks at new functions for non-coding RNAs. Nature 459, 487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hopkins, R., Rausher, M.D., 2012. Pollinator-mediated selection on flower color allele drives reinforcement. Science 335, 1090–1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steck, D.A., Oskay, W.H., Raizen, M.G., 2001. Observation of chaos-assisted tunneling between islands of stability. Science 293, 274–278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, F., Sun, L., Kardian, D.B., Whartenby, K.A., Pardoll, D.M., Liu, J.O., 2007. Feedback inhibition of calcineurin and Ras by a dual inhibitory protein Carabin. Nature 445, 433–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert, R.J., 2015. Profiting from Weekly Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Erin, L.M., S, W.M.M. (Eds.), 2015. Fibromyalgia: Clinical Guidelines and Treatments. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Venkatesh, T., Siva Ram Murthy, C., 2010. TCP over OBS Networks, in: Murthy, C.S.R. (Ed.), An Analytical Approach to Optical Burst Switched Networks. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 199–255.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Bizarre Young Planetary System Found With An Extra Planet-Forming Disk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Computer Systems: Types and Sources of Department of State Lookout Records (No. IMTEC-89-71FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt, A., 2017. Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Talbot, M., 2014. Revisiting the Revolution, This Time as a Tourist. New York Times TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huarte, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hopkins and Rausher, 2012; Huarte, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hopkins and Rausher, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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