How to format your references using the Journal of Invertebrate Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torsvik, T.H., 2003. Geology. The Rodinia jigsaw puzzle. Science 300, 1379–1381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hughes, R., Nordholt, J., 2011. Physics. Refining quantum cryptography. Science 333, 1584–1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., An, J., Ting, C.S., 2013. Interaction-induced localization of mobile impurities in ultracold systems. Sci. Rep. 3, 3147.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oldfield, T.E.E., Smith, R.J., Harrop, S.R., Leader-Williams, N., 2003. Field sports and conservation in the United Kingdom. Nature 423, 531–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik, M., 2006. Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Taxman, F.S., Pattavina, A. (Eds.), 2013. Simulation Strategies to Reduce Recidivism: Risk Need Responsivity (RNR) Modeling for the Criminal Justice System. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Krauss, W., 2015. Anthropology in the Anthropocene: Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Interdisciplinary Research, in: Greschke, H., Tischler, J. (Eds.), Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. This Robot Is Controlled Through Human Brain Waves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Contributions to the Theory and Practice of Management (No. 094703). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, M.W., 2010. The Mediterranean Ethiopian: Intellectual discourse and the fixity of myth in classical antiquity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torsvik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes and Nordholt, 2011; Torsvik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hughes and Nordholt, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Oldfield et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Invertebr. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-2011
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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