How to format your references using the New Negatives in Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Negatives in Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Kane, Particle physics is at a turning point, Nature. 480 (2011) 415.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.D. Suit, H.R. Withers, Endothelial cells and radiation gastrointestinal syndrome, Science. 294 (2001) 1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Braunschweig, K. Radacki, A. Schneider, Oxoboryl complexes: boron-oxygen triple bonds stabilized in the coordination sphere of platinum, Science. 328 (2010) 345–347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Wang, J. Qi, H. Zhao, S. He, Y. Zhang, S. Wei, F. Zhao, Metagenomic sequencing reveals microbiota and its functional potential associated with periodontal disease, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.A. Fryirs, G.J. Brierley, Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
S.C. Piscitelli, K.A. Rodvold, M.P. Pai, eds., Drug Interactions in Infectious Diseases, 1st ed., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Hoffmann, M. Herczeg, Hypervideo vs. Storytelling Integrating Narrative Intelligence into Hypervideo, in: S. Göbel, R. Malkewitz, I. Iurgel (Eds.), Technologies for Interactive Digital Storytelling and Entertainment: Third International Conference, TIDSE 2006, Darmstadt, Germany, December 4-6, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Negatives in Plant Science.

Blog post
J. Davis, Genome Analysis Reveals How the Mammoth Got Its Coat, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S.-Korea Fighter Coproduction Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Yang, Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon, New York Times. (2004) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Negatives in Plant Science
AbbreviationNew Negat. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-0264
ScopePlant Science
Molecular Biology

Other styles