How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suddendorf, T. (2006). Behavior. Foresight and evolution of the human mind. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1006–1007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, A., & Stringer, C. B. (2013). Paleontology. Did the Denisovans cross Wallace’s Line? Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schott, D., Yanai, I., & Hunter, C. P. (2014). Natural RNA interference directs a heritable response to the environment. Scientific reports, 4, 7387.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, D. D. D., Lee, C. S., Au, F. C. K., Tong, S. Y., & Lee, S. T. (2003). Small-diameter silicon nanowire surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1874–1877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimberlin, L., zur Linden, A., & Ruoff, L. (2016). Atlas of Clinical Imaging and Anatomy of the Equine Head. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Matthew, N. (2005). Beginning Databases with PostgreSQL: From Novice to Professional. (R. Stones, Ed.) (Second Edition.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Deakin, M., Campbell, F., Reid, A., & Orsinger, J. (2014). Systems. In F. Campbell, A. Reid, & J. Orsinger (Eds.), The Mass Retrofitting of an Energy Efficient—Low Carbon Zone (pp. 73–87). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Financial Markets.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 28). First Ever Archaic Human Jawbone Discovered in Taiwan. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Job Corps: Comparison of Federal Program With State Youth Training Initiatives (No. HEHS-96-92). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2008). High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2011, July 31). From the Sea to Your Plate. New York Times, p. NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Suddendorf 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper and Stringer 2013; Suddendorf 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Stringer 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Financial Markets
AbbreviationAsia-Pac. Financ. Mark.
ISSN (print)1387-2834
ISSN (online)1573-6946

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