How to format your references using the Research in Engineering Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Engineering Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Taking stock of biotech jobs. Nature 417:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Du L, Poovaiah BW (2005) Ca2+/calmodulin is critical for brassinosteroid biosynthesis and plant growth. Nature 437:741–745
A journal article with 3 authors
Song C, Wang P, Makse HA (2008) A phase diagram for jammed matter. Nature 453:629–632
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Z, Yan H, Wang K, et al (2004) Crystal structure of spinach major light-harvesting complex at 2.72 A resolution. Nature 428:287–292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feyel P (2013) Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Crisan D (ed) (2011) Stochastic Analysis 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Eddie Ng YK, Liu N (2007) A Development of Novel Integral Method for Prediction of Distorted Inlet Flow Propagation in Axial Compressor. In: Liu N (ed) Compressor Instability with Integral Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Engineering Design.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Earthquakes Can Trigger Aftershocks In Faults Hundreds Of Kilometers Away. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams RN (2017) Inclusive Classrooms: A Basic Qualitative Study of K-8 Urban Charter School Teachers. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Fitting More Into That Bag. New York Times E4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Du and Poovaiah 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du and Poovaiah 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Engineering Design
AbbreviationRes. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0934-9839
ISSN (online)1435-6066
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Architecture

Other styles