How to format your references using the Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kempermann G: Neuroscience. Youth culture in the adult brain. Science 2012; 335:1175–1176
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Waldschmidt TJ, Noelle RJ: Immunology. Long live the mature B cell--a baffling mystery resolved. Science 2001; 293:2012–2013
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Betrouche M, Maamache M, Choi JR: Novel characteristics of energy spectrum for 3D Dirac oscillator analyzed via Lorentz covariant deformed algebra. Sci Rep 2013; 3:3221
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Joshi N, Shirsath N, Singh A, et al.: Endogenous lung surfactant inspired pH responsive nanovesicle aerosols: pulmonary compatible and site-specific drug delivery in lung metastases. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7085

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Miller JM: Chromatography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems: 8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12-14, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rajaii F, Gupta S, Douglas RS: Management of Hyperthyroidism in the Setting of Thyroid Eye Disease. In: Douglas RS, McCoy AN, Gupta S, editor(s). Thyroid Eye Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 33–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Davis J: 2016 Officially Saw Great Barrier Reef Suffer Worst Bleaching Ever Recorded [Internet]. IFLScience 2016; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/2016-officially-saw-great-barrier-reef-suffer-worst-bleaching-ever-recorded/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Medicaid Managed Care: Serving the Disabled Challenges State Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Leonard JM: The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990. 2001;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Eligon J, Mather V: Mayweather Overcomes McGregor in the 10th Round. New York Times 2017; SP11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Care Medicine
AbbreviationCrit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0090-3493
ISSN (online)1530-0293
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles