How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, J.M., 2011. Plant science. Beleaguered immunity. Science 334, 1354–1355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ewing, R.C., von Hippel, F.N., 2009. Energy. Nuclear waste management in the United States--starting over. Science 325, 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saeed, Y., Singh, N., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2014. Superior thermoelectric response in the 3R phases of hydrated NaxRhO2. Sci. Rep. 4, 4390.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Watabe, M., Kato, T.A., Tsuboi, S., Ishikawa, K., Hashiya, K., Monji, A., Utsumi, H., Kanba, S., 2013. Minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, reduces “honey trap” risk in human economic exchange. Sci. Rep. 3, 1685.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, L., 2005. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Busch, P., 2016. Quantum Measurement, Theoretical and Mathematical Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zamani, C., 2013. Nano-Bio Structures Developed via Electrophoresis, in: Nazarpour, S. (Ed.), Thin Films and Coatings in Biology, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 145–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Safety Of Contaminated Vitamins And Nutritional Supplements Can’t Be Left To Consumers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies (No. GAO-14-408R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin, J., 2010. A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. Rangers Even Series With Emphatic Win as Lindberg Scores Twice. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ewing and von Hippel, 2009; McDowell, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ewing and von Hippel, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Watabe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence in Agriculture
ISSN (print)2589-7217

Other styles