How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen, L., 2014. A preventable cancer. Nature 516, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kopec, C., Malinow, R., 2006. Neuroscience. Matters of size. Science 314, 1554–1555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambarey, A., Prashanthi, K., Chandra, N., 2013. Mining large-scale response networks reveals “topmost activities” in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Sci. Rep. 3, 2302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ponomarenko, L.A., Schedin, F., Katsnelson, M.I., Yang, R., Hill, E.W., Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K., 2008. Chaotic Dirac billiard in graphene quantum dots. Science 320, 356–358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Chartered Institute of Building, 2008. Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Consani, C., Marcolli, M. (Eds.), 2006. Noncommutative Geometry and Number Theory: Where Arithmetic meets Geometry and Physics, Aspects of Mathematics. Vieweg, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Liddy, E.D., 2014. iSchools & the iSchool at Syracuse University, in: Chen, C., Larsen, R. (Eds.), Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Teenage Marijuana-Related Problems Down Since Decriminalization [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Evaluation of NASA Comments on Consolidated Space Operations Center (No. MASAD-82-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla, S., 2013. Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. CNN Severs Its Ties With a Host After His Vulgar Criticism of Trump. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laursen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kopec and Malinow, 2006; Laursen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kopec and Malinow, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ponomarenko et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence in Agriculture
ISSN (print)2589-7217

Other styles