How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Winful HG. Optics (communication arising): mechanism for “superluminal” tunnelling. Nature. 2003;424:638; discussion 638.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Allen RM, Kanamori H. The potential for earthquake early warning in southern California. Science. 2003;300:786–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Feinstein NW, Allen S, Jenkins E. Outside the pipeline: reimagining science education for nonscientists. Science. 2013;340:314–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hinnebusch BJ, Rudolph AE, Cherepanov P, Dixon JE, Schwan TG, Forsberg A. Role of Yersinia murine toxin in survival of Yersinia pestis in the midgut of the flea vector. Science. 2002;296:733–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Henriksen RN. Practical Relativity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Kumar MSN, Tafalla M, Caselli P, editors. Cores to Clusters: A Scientific Autobiography. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nordéus K, Båge R, Gustafsson H, Glinwood R, Söderquist L. A Small Expose on Bovine Pheromones: with Special Reference to Modifications of the Reproductive Cycle. In: Schulte BA, Goodwin TE, Ferkin MH, editors. Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Worldwide Ban On GMO Crops Would Make Climate Change Worse [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Charges for Itemized Cellular Telephone Bills. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: RCED-93-214FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Martinez CA. Intervention workshops for members of multidisciplinary teams on hoarding: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Smith R, Chan S. Fatal Concert Blast Is Called Terror. New York Times. 2017 May 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Health Care Sci.
ISSN (online)2055-0294

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