How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brumfiel G. Bush seeks to beef up US nuclear-weapons arsenal. Nature. 2003;422:101–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Abbott LF, Regehr WG. Synaptic computation. Nature. 2004;431:796–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yaguchi S, Yaguchi J, Inaba K. bicaudal-C is required for the formation of anterior neurogenic ectoderm in the sea urchin embryo. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6852.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Clack JA, Ahlberg PE, Finney SM, Dominguez Alonso P, Robinson J, Ketcham RA. A uniquely specialized ear in a very early tetrapod. Nature. 2003;425:65–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sox HC, Higgins MC, Owens DK. Medical Decision Making. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Awrejcewicz J, Szewczyk R, Trojnacki M, Kaliczyńska M, editors. Mechatronics - Ideas for Industrial Application. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sharma A, Srivastava J, Kumar A. A Comprehensive Overview of Renewable Energy Status in India. In: Thangavel P, Sridevi G, editors. Environmental Sustainability: Role of Green Technologies. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 91–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Spray-On Solar Power Turns Your Car Roof Into Photovoltaic Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Acquisition of the Composite Health Care System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Mar. Report No.: T-IMTEC-87-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Connelly J. A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015 Jun 19;C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Health Care Sci.
ISSN (online)2055-0294

Other styles