How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dalvit DAR. Quantum physics: shaking photons out of the vacuum. Nature. 2011;479:303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bochman ML, Schwacha A. DNA replication: Strand separation unravelled. Nature. 2015;524:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Burghes AH, Vaessin HE, de La Chapelle A. Genetics. The land between Mendelian and multifactorial inheritance. Science. 2001;293:2213–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van Gestel N, Shi Z, van Groenigen KJ, Osenberg CW, Andresen LC, Dukes JS, et al. Predicting soil carbon loss with warming. Nature. 2018;554:E4–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Graham L. Internal Control Audit and Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Matijević E, editor. Fine Particles in Medicine and Pharmacy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Okuda H, Nakano A, Suzuki T, Hayakawa S, Inagaki S. Multilayer Modeling of Driver Behavior Based on Hierarchical Mode Segmentation. In: Hansen JHL, Boyraz P, Takeda K, Abut H, editors. Digital Signal Processing for In-Vehicle Systems and Safety. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 2011 Japan Tsunami Debris Is Washing Up Along The Coasts Of The United States [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Potential Safety and Capacity Issues Associated with the Introduction of the New A380 Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-483.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garlapally V. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Impact on Metamorphosis and Thyroid Development in African Clawed Frogs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Saturday Bustle. New York Times. 2008 Sep 14;NJ16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Health Care Sci.
ISSN (online)2055-0294

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