How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mattick JS. The functional genomics of noncoding RNA. Science. 2005;309:1527–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krauss LM, Chaboyer B. Age estimates of globular clusters in the Milky Way: constraints on cosmology. Science. 2003;299:65–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McKnight S, Beyer A, Gall J. Retrospective. Oscar Miller (1925-2012). Science. 2012;335:1457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ordovas-Montanes J, Dwyer DF, Nyquist SK, Buchheit KM, Vukovic M, Deb C, et al. Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells. Nature. 2018;560:649–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Murray A. The Complete Software Project Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Rani V, Yadav UCS, editors. Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wagner-Bartak NA, Prabhakar AM, Menias CO, Prabhakar HB, Elsayes KM. The Biliary Tree. In: Elsayes KM, editor. Cross-Sectional Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis: A Practical Algorithmic Approach. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 111–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Influenza: The Search For A Universal Vaccine. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Conditions Within the Air Traffic Control Work Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: RCED-89-113FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Britigan DH. Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bilefsky D. Royal Retirement at 95 Halts Frenzied Rumors. New York Times. 2017 May 4;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Health Care Sci.
ISSN (online)2055-0294

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