How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Westerfeld, All is not lost, Nature. 406 (2000) 241.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Gfeller, E.E. Farmer, Keeping the leaves green above us, Science. 306 (2004) 1515–1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.J. Royle, N.A. Bright, L. Lagnado, Clathrin is required for the function of the mitotic spindle, Nature. 434 (2005) 1152–1157.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Marvier, C. McCreedy, J. Regetz, P. Kareiva, A meta-analysis of effects of Bt cotton and maize on nontarget invertebrates, Science. 316 (2007) 1475–1477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Dewulf, A. Blanken, M. Bult-Spiering, Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
E. Schöll, S.H.L. Klapp, P. Hövel, eds., Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Abraham, D. Delling, A.V. Goldberg, R.F. Werneck, Hierarchical Hub Labelings for Shortest Paths, in: L. Epstein, P. Ferragina (Eds.), Algorithms – ESA 2012: 20th Annual European Symposium, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 10-12, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 24–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Physics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Blue Origin Reveals New Glenn Rocket That Will Take Humans Into Orbit, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Problems Resulting From Management Practices in Recruiting, Training, and Using Non-High-School Graduates and Category IV Personnel, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Ackerina, The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Southall, 2 Charged With Murder After a Buried Body Is Found in New Jersey, New York Times. (2016) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Physics
AbbreviationChin. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0577-9073
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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