How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Sarewitz, World view: Curing climate backlash, Nature. 464 (2010) 28.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Hidaka, S. Yoneda, Radioactive Cs capture in the early solar system, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1330.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Banerjee, F.F. Pollitz, R. Bürgmann, The size and duration of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from far-field static offsets, Science. 308 (2005) 1769–1772.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.C. Jenkyns, A. Forster, S. Schouten, J.S. Sinninghe Damsté, High temperatures in the Late Cretaceous Arctic Ocean, Nature. 432 (2004) 888–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.V. Estopinal, W. Lathrop, Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2011.
An edited book
H. Seidl, Compiler Design: Analysis and Transformation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Birmpas, C. Courcoubetis, I. Giotis, E. Markakis, Cost-Sharing Models in Participatory Sensing, in: M. Hoefer (Ed.), Algorithmic Game Theory: 8th International Symposium, SAGT 2015, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Physics.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Something Just Put A Dent In One Of Saturn’s Rings, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: System Management Capabilities Improved, but More Can Be Done to Institutionalize Improvements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Bates, Drivers of Engagement for Volunteers in a Nonprofit, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, Finding Farms To Share In, New York Times. (2008) NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Physics
AbbreviationChin. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0577-9073
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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