How to format your references using the Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research (AAAR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhrvold, N. P. 2015: Comment on ‘Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348: 982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, W. Y., and Gruebele, M. 2003: Folding at the speed limit. Nature, 423: 193–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trumbore, S., Brando, P., and Hartmann, H. 2015: Forest health and global change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349: 814–818.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gehrels, N., Macomb, D. J., Bertsch, D. L., Thompson, D. J., and Hartman, R. C. 2000: Discovery of a new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources in the Milky Way. Nature, 404: 363–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, C. 2006: Trustee Investment Strategy for Endowments and Foundations. Oxford, UK:, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, N. T., Trawiński, B., and Jung, J. J. (Eds.). 2011: New Challenges for Intelligent Information and Database Systems (Vol. 351). Berlin, Heidelberg:, Springer, X, 366 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Trezzi, J.-P., Vlassis, N., and Hiller, K. 2015: The Role of Metabolomics in the Study of Cancer Biomarkers and in the Development of Diagnostic Tools. In R. Scatena (ed.), Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision. Dordrecht:, Springer Netherlands, pp. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016, July 26: China May Have Passed Peak Coal Consumptionaccessed 30 October 2018, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985: Implementation of Public Law 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia (No. GGD-86-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Battaglia, M. 2015: Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Vogel, K. P. 2017, September 26: Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myhrvold, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Myhrvold, 2015; Yang and Gruebele, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Gruebele, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Trumbore, Brando, and Hartmann, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gehrels, Macomb, Bertsch, Thompson, and Hartman, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleArctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
AbbreviationArct. Antarct. Alp. Res.
ISSN (print)1523-0430
ISSN (online)1938-4246
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change

Other styles