How to format your references using the Expert Review of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Segall P. Geophysics. Understanding earthquakes. Science. 2012;336:676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gardner BM, Walter P. Unfolded proteins are Ire1-activating ligands that directly induce the unfolded protein response. Science. 2011;333:1891–1894.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Caro E, Castellano MM, Gutierrez C. A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2007;447:213–217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Wang F, Podell ER, Zaug AJ, et al. The POT1-TPP1 telomere complex is a telomerase processivity factor. Nature. 2007;445:506–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P. Essential Guide to Acute Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
He R. Robust Recognition via Information Theoretic Learning. Hu B, Yuan X, Wang L, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Al-Sharif R, Guyeux C, Fadil YA, et al. On the Usefulness of Information Hiding Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks Security. In: Mitton N, Gallais A, Kantarci ME, et al., editors. Ad Hoc Networks: 6th International ICST Conference, ADHOCNETS 2014, Rhodes, Greece, August 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Rosetta Scientists Unveil The Source Of Ice And Dust Jets On Comet 67P [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/rosetta-scientists-unveil-source-ice-and-dust-jets-comet-67p/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Finance: Past Funding Levels May Not Be Sufficient to Cover Airports’ Planned Capital Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003. Report No.: GAO-03-497T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Seesengood BN. Analysis of the Repairability of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. The Kennedy Factor On the Roberts Court. New York Times. 2006 Dec 31;42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)1746-9899
ISSN (online)1746-9902
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Ophthalmology
Optometry

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