How to format your references using the Expert Review of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Nature. 2003;425:644.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
King DA, Thomas SM. Big lessons for a healthy future. Nature. 2007;449:791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jiang G, Kennedy MJ, Christie-Blick N. Stable isotopic evidence for methane seeps in Neoproterozoic postglacial cap carbonates. Nature. 2003;426:822–826.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Ikeda H, Stark J, Fischer H, et al. Synaptic amplifier of inflammatory pain in the spinal dorsal horn. Science. 2006;312:1659–1662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Geman H. Agricultural Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Fraenkel AA. Recollections of a Jewish Mathematician in Germany. Cohen-Mansfield J, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Katagi T. Behavior of Pesticides in Water-Sediment Systems. In: Ware GW, Albert LA, Voogt P de, et al., editors. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: Continuation of Residue Reviews. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. p. 133–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Rosetta’s Comet Colors Reveal Interesting Surface Composition [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/rosettas-comet-colors-reveal-interesting-composition-0/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Actions to Mitigate Aircraft Noise at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989. Report No.: T-RCED-90-4. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Morgan TM. Do You See What I See? How Symbol Integration Facilitates Responsibility to Self and Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Even in Agreement, Scalia Puts Roberts to Lash. New York Times. 2007 Jun 28;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)1746-9899
ISSN (online)1746-9902
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Ophthalmology
Optometry

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