How to format your references using the Expert Review of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cavanagh P. The artist as neuroscientist. Nature. 2005;434:301–307.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Meharg AA, Killham K. Environment: A pre-industrial source of dioxins and furans. Nature. 2003;421:909–910.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Artyukhin AB, Schroeder FC, Avery L. Density dependence in Caenorhabditis larval starvation. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2777.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Baudrier-Raybaut M, Haïdar R, Kupecek P, et al. Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials. Nature. 2004;432:374–376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Good PI, Hardin JW. Common Errors in Statistics (And How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Böhme R, Brenner M, Moore T, et al., editors. Financial Cryptography and Data Security: FC 2014 Workshops, BITCOIN and WAHC 2014, Christ Church, Barbados, March 7, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bolla K, Kovacs T, Fazekas G. Gathering of Fat Robots with Limited Visibility and without Global Navigation. In: Rutkowski L, Korytkowski M, Scherer R, et al., editors. Swarm and Evolutionary Computation: International Symposia, SIDE 2012 and EC 2012, Held in Conjunction with ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 30–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Svalbard “Doomsday” Seed Vault To Get Revamp After Permafrost Melt Leak [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/svalbard-doomsday-seed-vault-to-get-revamp-after-permafrost-melt-leak/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Legislative and Regulatory Actions Needed To Deal With a Changing Domestic Telecommunications Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981. Report No.: CED-81-136. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dinh H. A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Orthodox Church Berates Vatican. New York Times. 2002 Aug 1;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)1746-9899
ISSN (online)1746-9902
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Ophthalmology
Optometry

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