How to format your references using the Archives of Physiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Physiotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hutchings JA. Collapse and recovery of marine fishes. Nature. 2000;406:882–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wells JA, Kossiakoff AA. Cell biology. New tricks for an old dimer. Science. 2014;344:703–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hiraga T, Anderson IM, Kohlstedt DL. Grain boundaries as reservoirs of incompatible elements in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2004;427:699–703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang SL, Yu Y, Roos J, Kozak JA, Deerinck TJ, Ellisman MH, et al. STIM1 is a Ca2+ sensor that activates CRAC channels and migrates from the Ca2+ store to the plasma membrane. Nature. 2005;437:902–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sadati N, Dumont GA, Hamed KA, Gruver WA. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Ganascia J-G, Lenca P, Petit J-M, editors. Discovery Science: 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. De Weerdt D, Pinchuk R, Aked R, de Orus J-J, Fontaine B. TopiMaker - An Implementation of a Novel Topic Maps Visualization. In: Maicher L, Sigel A, Garshol LM, editors. Leveraging the Semantics of Topic Maps: Second International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2006, Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 32–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Physiotherapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/anthropocene-has-been-shaped-media-and-our-digital-lives/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. State Infrastructure Banks: A Mechanism to Expand Federal Transportation Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Oct. Report No.: RCED-97-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Collins L. A community risk assessment of the 90062 zip code [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Changeups Aren’t Part of Washington’s Repertory. New York Times. 2010 Oct 28;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Physiotherapy
AbbreviationArch. Physiother.
ISSN (online)2057-0082
Scope

Other styles