How to format your references using the Archives of Physiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Physiotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stearns T. Cell biology. Centrioles, in absentia. Science. 2015;348:1091–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wasserman SA, DiNardo S. Development. Staying a boy forever. Science. 2001;294:2495–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Delhase M, Li N, Karin M. Kinase regulation in inflammatory response. Nature. 2000;406:367–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mori Y, Chen T, Fujisawa T, Kobashi S, Ohno K, Yoshida S, et al. From cartoon to real time MRI: in vivo monitoring of phagocyte migration in mouse brain. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ventre D. Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Karakoc TH, Ozerdem MB, Sogut MZ, Colpan CO, Altuntas O, Açıkkalp E, editors. Sustainable Aviation: Energy and Environmental Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hagen S, Edwards N, Wilcock L, Kirschnick J, Rolia J. One Is Not Enough: A Hybrid Approach for IT Change Planning. In: Bartolini C, Gaspary LP, editors. Integrated Management of Systems, Services, Processes and People in IT: 20th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2009, Venice, Italy, October 27-28, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 56–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Physiotherapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. People Hadn’t Set Foot In This Ancient “Lost City” In The Honduran Jungle For 500 Years — Until Now [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/people-hadnt-set-foot-in-this-ancient-lost-city-in-the-honduran-jungle-for-500-years-until-now/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Seniors: Efforts to Enhance Senior Mobility Could Benefit from Additional Guidance and Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Aug. Report No.: GAO-04-971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Baker MC. A descriptive study of the view from the top: Perspectives of experts in continuing medical education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Moschen I. An Amenity That’s Going Places. New York Times. 2013 Jan 6;RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Physiotherapy
AbbreviationArch. Physiother.
ISSN (online)2057-0082
Scope

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