How to format your references using the Archives of Physiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Physiotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Klemperer W. Astronomy. The complex story of H2. Science. 2001;293:815–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rittle J, Green MT. Cytochrome P450 compound I: capture, characterization, and C-H bond activation kinetics. Science. 2010;330:933–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pauluis O, Czaja A, Korty R. The global atmospheric circulation on moist isentropes. Science. 2008;321:1075–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yu W, Gius D, Onyango P, Muldoon-Jacobs K, Karp J, Feinberg AP, et al. Epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor gene p15 by its antisense RNA. Nature. 2008;451:202–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Manuele FA. On the Practice of Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Dyck VA, Hendrichs J, Robinson AS, editors. Sterile Insect Technique: Principles and Practice in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Malinow R, Hsieh H, Wei W. Impact of Beta Amyloid on Excitatory Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity. In: Selkoe DJ, Triller A, Christen Y, editors. Synaptic Plasticity and the Mechanism of Alzheimer’s Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 63–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Physiotherapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Five Ways Science Can Help You Raise Healthy Children [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/five-ways-science-can-help-you-raise-healthy-children/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Sep. Report No.: 092130.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Prejean KD. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in Texas Public Schools: Race, School District Size, Academic Performance, and Policy Influences [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Bar Cars Are Coming Back, but Don’t Expect a Seat. New York Times. 2016 Sep 13;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Physiotherapy
AbbreviationArch. Physiother.
ISSN (online)2057-0082
Scope

Other styles