How to format your references using the Journal of The Electrochemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. T. F. Stocker, Science, 339, 280–282 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. A. Padhi and L. Ma, Sci. Rep., 4, 7040 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. T. R. Brummelkamp, R. Bernards, and R. Agami, Science, 296, 550–553 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1. P. Chien, A. H. DePace, S. R. Collins, and J. S. Weissman, Nature, 424, 948–951 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. J. M. Miller, Chromatography, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2009).
An edited book
1. J. Noble, Pro SharePoint 2010 Search R. Piddocke and D. Bakmand-Mikalski, Editors, p. XXVI, 520 p, Apress, Berkeley, CA, (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
1. L. Sánchez, J. Lanza, and L. Muñoz, in Personal Wireless Communications: The 12th IFIP International Conference on Personal Wireless Communications (PWC 2007), Prague, Czech Republic, September 2007, IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. R. Bestak, B. Simak, and E. Kozlowska, Editors, p. 38–53, Springer US, Boston, MA (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The Electrochemical Society.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Transportation Safety: Medical Certification and Background Check Requirements for Pilots, Vessel Masters, and Commercial Drivers Vary, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2008).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. J. Fregoso, thesis, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. B. Brantley, New York Times, C2 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The Electrochemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Electrochem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0013-4651
ISSN (online)1945-7111
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics

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