How to format your references using the Case Reports in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gifford DK. Blazing pathways through genetic mountains. Science. 2001 Sep;293(5537):2049–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Onishi KH, Baillargeon R. Do 15-month-old infants understand false beliefs? Science. 2005 Apr;308(5719):255–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Balser DS, Rood RT, Bania TM. Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science. 2007 Aug;317(5842):1170.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Dolev M, Heiblum M, Umansky V, Stern A, Mahalu D. Observation of a quarter of an electron charge at the nu = 5/2 quantum Hall state. Nature. 2008 Apr;452(7189):829–34.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bahgat G. Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1
Iliopoulos CS, Smyth WF, editors. Combinatorial Algorithms: 21st International Workshop, IWOCA 2010, London, UK, July 26-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kantarci F, Mihmanli İ, MacLennan GT. Neoplasms of the Spermatic Cord and Testicular Adnexae. In: Dogra VS, MacLennan GT, editors. Genitourinary Radiology: Male Genital Tract, Adrenal and Retroperitoneum: The Pathologic Basis. London: Springer; 2013; pp 95–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Neurology.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. NASA Has Mapped Where Ice Could Be Hiding on Ceres [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-has-mapped-where-ice-could-be-hiding-on-ceres/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority: Information on Contracting at Washington Dulles International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport Between 1992 and 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Wilson B. Scale effects and the determinants of parcel subdivision: A discrete -time hazard analysis. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW. Major Changes in Rhode Island Pension Overhaul. New York Times. 2015 Sep;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Neurology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1662-680X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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