How to format your references using the Case Reports in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindemann B. Receptors and transduction in taste. Nature. 2001 Sep;413(6852):219–25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Day KP, Fowkes FJI. Microbiology. Quantifying malaria dynamics within the host. Science. 2011 Aug;333(6045):943–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bibring J-P, Squyres SW, Arvidson RE. Planetary science. Merging views on Mars. Science. 2006 Sep;313(5795):1899–901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coleman ML, Sullivan MB, Martiny AC, Steglich C, Barry K, Delong EF, et al. Genomic islands and the ecology and evolution of Prochlorococcus. Science. 2006 Mar;311(5768):1768–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath AE. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Einav G, editor. Transitioned Media: A Turning Point into the Digital Realm. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahne J, Helias M, Kunkel S, Igarashi J, Kitayama I, Wylie B, et al. Including Gap Junctions into Distributed Neuronal Network Simulations. In: Amunts K, Grandinetti L, Lippert T, Petkov N, editors. Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. DARPA Is Developing Tiny Implants That Trigger Self-Healing [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Sep


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trump RK. Self -brand overlap and dissociation. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy S. Bags That Don’t Brag. New York Times. 2014 Sep;E17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Neurology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1662-680X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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