How to format your references using the Case Reports in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Capel B. Development. The minimalist Y. Science. 2014 Jan;343(6166):32–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jewitt DC, Luu J. Crystalline water ice on the Kuiper belt object (50000) Quaoar. Nature. 2004 Dec;432(7018):731–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien KR, Domian IJ, Parker KK. Cardiogenesis and the complex biology of regenerative cardiovascular medicine. Science. 2008 Dec;322(5907):1494–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Neumann M, Nyéki J, Cowan B, Saunders J. Bilayer 3He: a simple two-dimensional heavy-fermion system with quantum criticality. Science. 2007 Sep;317(5843):1356–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geren RL. Applying the Building Code. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Titus T. Pro .NET 1.1 Remoting, Reflection, and Threading. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Goyeau B. Macroscopic Conduction Models by Volume Averaging for Two-Phase Systems. In: Volz S, editor. Thermal Nanosystems and Nanomaterials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009; pp 95–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Neurology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Can These Crystals Reveal How Mount St. Helens Will Erupt In The Future? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loan Program Bankruptcies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munz JA. Assessing the Value of Educational Competencies of Healthcare Leaders and Organizational Factors: A Case Study Analysis. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J. A Girl Wants to Know. New York Times. 2015 Oct;BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Neurology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1662-680X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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