How to format your references using the Case Reports in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wallsten S: High-tech cluster bombs. Nature 2004;428:121–122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu Q, Zhang P: IR Li2Ga2GeS6 nanocrystallized GeS2-Ga2S3-Li2S electroconductive chalcogenide glass with good nonlinearity. Sci Rep 2014;4:5719.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lim M, Metzler R, Bar-Yam Y: Global pattern formation and ethnic/cultural violence. Science 2007;317:1540–1544.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yan L, Zhu B, Jiao Z, Chen C-Y, Chen I-M: An orientation measurement method based on Hall-effect sensors for permanent magnet spherical actuators with 3D magnet array. Sci Rep 2014;4:6756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM: The New CEO Corporate Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Capogna G (ed): Epidural Labor Analgesia: Childbirth Without Pain. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gildersleeve J: Anxious Affinities: Gender and Déréliction in Sarah Waters’s Neo-Forties Novels; in Jones A, O’Callaghan C (eds): Sarah Waters and Contemporary Feminisms. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, pp 81–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Nanoparticles In Baby Formula: Should Parents Be Worried? IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Implementation of Reform Legislation Needed to Improve Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valdovinos G: Entre familia (among family): A parent training and social support program for Latino families. A grant proposal 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S: In and Out of the Spotlight, a Mother-Daughter Act for the Ages. New York Times 2016;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Neurology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1662-680X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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