How to format your references using the Case Reports in Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Autor DH. Skills, education, and the rise of earnings inequality among the “other 99 percent.” Science. 2014 May;344(6186):843–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuppan D, Hahn EG. Biomedicine. Gluten and the gut-lessons for immune regulation. Science. 2002 Sep;297(5590):2218–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu SW, Ogawa N, Ho W. Atomic-scale coupling of photons to single-molecule junctions. Science. 2006 Jun;312(5778):1362–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lever C, Wills T, Cacucci F, Burgess N, O’Keefe J. Long-term plasticity in hippocampal place-cell representation of environmental geometry. Nature. 2002 Mar;416(6876):90–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden BJ. Wealth Creation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Shanley TP, Wong HR, Wheeler DS, editors. Cardiovascular Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Lang D, Tichem M. Design and Experimental Evaluation of an Electrostatic Micro-Gripping System. In: Ratchev S, editor. Precision Assembly Technologies for Mini and Micro Products: Proceedings of the IFIP TC5 WG5.5 Third International Precision Assembly Seminar (IPAS ’2006), 19–21 February 2006, Bad Hofgastein, Austria. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006; pp 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Neurology.

Blog post
Andrews R. “Arctic Amplification” Caused Greenland To Set Melting Records In 2015 [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Staffing, Training, and Funding Issues for FAA’s Major Work Forces. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix KA. Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Agree to Hear Case Challenging Voter ID Laws. New York Times. 2007 Sep;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Neurology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1662-680X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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