How to format your references using the Archives of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rhodes CJ. Type 2 diabetes-a matter of beta-cell life and death? Science. 2005;307:380–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boal AK, Rosenzweig AC. Biochemistry. A radical route for nitrogenase carbide insertion. Science. 2012;337:1617–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hnasko TS, Sotak BN, Palmiter RD. Morphine reward in dopamine-deficient mice. Nature. 2005;438:854–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chorev DS, Baker LA, Wu D, Beilsten-Edmands V, Rouse SL, Zeev-Ben-Mordehai T, et al. Protein assemblies ejected directly from native membranes yield complexes for mass spectrometry. Science. 2018;362:829–34.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gregory J. Counterparty Credit Risk and Credit Value Adjustment. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Serrano M, Hage J, editors. Trends in Functional Programming: 16th International Symposium, TFP 2015, Sophia Antipolis, France, June 3-5, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Taylor P, Ni P, Liu K, Yang X, Guo S. Moving onto the World Stage. In: Ni P, Liu K, editors. Global Research of Cities: A Case of Chengdu. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 171–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Public Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. NASA Will Be Making An Announcement Today - Here’s How To Watch Live [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-live-nasa-announces-latest-discoveries-made-its-kepler-telescope/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Broadband Deployment Plan Should Include Performance Goals and Measures to Guide Federal Investment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 May. Report No.: GAO-09-494.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Smith AP. The Leadership Potential of School Librarians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Bankruptcy In California Is Not Seen As a Trend. New York Times. 2012 Jul 13;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Public Health
AbbreviationArch. Public Health
ISSN (online)2049-3258
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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