How to format your references using the Archives of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elbaum M. Materials science. Polymers in the pore. Science. 2006;314(5800):766-767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saha K, Hurlbut JB. Research ethics: Treat donors as partners in biobank research. Nature. 2011;478(7369):312-313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shapiro L, McAdams HH, Losick R. Generating and exploiting polarity in bacteria. Science. 2002;298(5600):1942-1946.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zürch M, Rothhardt J, Hädrich S, et al. Real-time and sub-wavelength ultrafast coherent diffraction imaging in the extreme ultraviolet. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama M, Boucenna ML, Batatia H. Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Berliner L, Hanson G, eds. High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine. Vol 28. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Proudler G, Chen L, Dalton C. Trusted Platform Architecture. In: Chen L, Dalton C, eds. Trusted Computing Platforms: TPM2.0 in Context. Springer International Publishing; 2014:109-129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Neurology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Getting Married On Valentine’s Day? You’re More Likely To Get Divorced, Claims Study. IFLScience. Published September 30, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. TANF and Child Welfare Programs: Increased Data Sharing Could Improve Access to Benefits and Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford J. Commutative endomorphism rings of simple abelian varieties over finite fields. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. An Intersection Where “Oh, No!” Meets “Watch Out!” New York Times. May 5, 2002:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Neurology
AbbreviationArch. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0003-9942
ISSN (online)1538-3687
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

Other styles