How to format your references using the Archives of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. Cosmology: it all adds up. Nature. 2002;420(6917):731-732.
A journal article with 2 authors
Visscher M, Taylor T. Pressure ulcers in the hospitalized neonate: rates and risk factors. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rapp RP, Shimizu N, Norman MD. Growth of early continental crust by partial melting of eclogite. Nature. 2003;425(6958):605-609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Arai S, Lee S-C, Zhai D, Suzuki M, Chang YT. A molecular fluorescent probe for targeted visualization of temperature at the endoplasmic reticulum. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birinyi L. The Master Trader. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Dauphinee S, Karsan A, eds. Endothelial Dysfunction and Inflammation. Basel: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishii M, Hibiki T. Basic Relations in Time Average. In: Hibiki T, ed. Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of Two-Phase Flow. New York, NY: Springer; 2011:67-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Forest Loss Has Halved In The Past 30 Years, Latest Global Update Shows. IFLScience. Published September 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson C. Edgard Varèse and the Visual Avant-Garde: A Comparative Study of Intégrales and Works of Art by Marcel Duchamp. 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
La Gorce T. Fire Up the Pit: My Brisket Can Burn Yours. New York Times. July 1, 2012:NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Neurology
AbbreviationArch. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0003-9942
ISSN (online)1538-3687
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

Other styles