How to format your references using the Archives of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reif JH. Biochemistry. Scaling up DNA computation. Science. 2011;332(6034):1156-1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer J, Prenzel M. Science education. European teacher training reforms. Science. 2012;336(6089):1642-1643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Zheng X, You H. Exceptional dinosaur fossils show ontogenetic development of early feathers. Nature. 2010;464(7293):1338-1341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun L, Lin Z, Peng J, Weng J, Huang Y, Luo Z. Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kato T, Handwerker CA, Bath J. Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Proulx T, ed. Nonlinear Modeling and Applications, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 28th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2010. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Greene RE, Kim KT, Krantz SG. Lie Groups Realized as Automorphism Groups. In: Kim KT, Krantz SG, eds. The Geometry of Complex Domains. Birkhäuser; 2011:135-159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Neurology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Early Giant Galaxy Seen Gorging On Intergalactic Gas. IFLScience. Published December 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahlert D. Application of Graph Theoretic Clustering on Some Biomedical Data Sets. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. The Joker in the Deck: Birth of a Supervillain. New York Times. October 5, 2010:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Neurology
AbbreviationArch. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0003-9942
ISSN (online)1538-3687
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

Other styles