How to format your references using the Archives of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimer PJ. Archaeology. A new twist in the radiocarbon tale. Science. 2001;294(5551):2494-2495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata G, Ballesteros-Arias L. Developmental Biology. Death to the losers. Science. 2014;346(6214):1181-1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell I, Wisdom J, Zuber MT. Evidence for a past high-eccentricity lunar orbit. Science. 2006;313(5787):652-655.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaur C, Vishnoi A, Ariyadasa TU, Bhattacharya A, Singla-Pareek SL, Sopory SK. Episodes of horizontal gene-transfer and gene-fusion led to co-existence of different metal-ion specific glyoxalase I. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Degner R, Leibl S. PH Messen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Ovens A, Fletcher T, eds. Self-Study in Physical Education Teacher Education: Exploring the Interplay of Practice and Scholarship. Vol 13. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki T, Ishikura K, Honda A, et al. Increased N-Acetyltaurine in Serum and Urine After Endurance Exercise in Human. In: Marcinkiewicz J, Schaffer SW, eds. Taurine 9. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing; 2015:53-62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How You Can Help Make A Movie About Bill Nye. IFLScience. Published August 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Aid: Expanding Eligibility for Less Than Halftime Students Could Increase Program Costs, But Benefits Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dotson KT. Smoke Points of Microgravity and Normal Gravity Coflow Diffusion Flames. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Witness Lays Out Events Ending in Brazen Killing. New York Times. May 24, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Neurology
AbbreviationArch. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0003-9942
ISSN (online)1538-3687
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

Other styles