How to format your references using the Archives of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hammond WC (2005) Geophysics. The ghost of an earthquake. Science 310:1440–1442
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero CR, Pérez-Gussinyé M (2010) Sequential faulting explains the asymmetry and extension discrepancy of conjugate margins. Nature 468:294–299
A journal article with 3 authors
Blair AC, Fisher ER, Rickey D (2012) IBI* series winner. Discovering nanoscience. Science 337:1056–1057
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yu B, Edstrom WC, Benach J, et al (2006) Crystal structures of catalytic complexes of the oxidative DNA/RNA repair enzyme AlkB. Nature 439:879–884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley J (2006) Essentials of Mechatronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Aleven V, Kay J, Mostow J (eds) (2010) Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hu Z, Hu Z (2013) The Supply and Demand Models Based on Electricity Consumption. In: Hu Z (ed) Electricity Economics: Production Functions with Electricity. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Microbiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Venomous Lionfish Are Taking Over The Mediterranean. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Basic Sources of International Petroleum Statistics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe CJ (2012) Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hammond 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hammond 2005; Ranero and Pérez-Gussinyé 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero and Pérez-Gussinyé 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Microbiology
AbbreviationArch. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0302-8933
ISSN (online)1432-072X
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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