How to format your references using the Archives of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta M (2010) Journal club. A cell biologist connects her research to bacterial brain invasion. Nature 463:139
A journal article with 2 authors
Sussman MR, Phillips GN Jr (2009) Plant science. How plant cells go to sleep for a long, long time. Science 326:1356–1357
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson BA, Bikson TK, Gunn PP (2013) Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict. Science 340:434–435
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lakhani SA, Masud A, Kuida K, et al (2006) Caspases 3 and 7: key mediators of mitochondrial events of apoptosis. Science 311:847–851

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka HJ (2010) Transitions in Molecular Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Demazeau Y, Müller JP, Rodríguez JMC, Pérez JB (eds) (2012) Advances on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dutta P, Pepe C, Xi H (2015) Analyzing Organization Structures and Performance through Agent-Based Socio-technical Modeling. In: Handa H, Ishibuchi H, Ong Y-S, Tan K-C (eds) Proceedings of the 18th Asia Pacific Symposium on Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems - Volume 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Microbiology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Combination Of Two Clinically Approved Drugs Cause Brain Tumor Cells To Eat Themselves. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Related to FAA Reform. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hollenbeck JL (2017) The Challenge of U.S. West Coast Earthquake Response: Federal Urban Search and Rescue. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) Fixing Geffen Hall? Ask Ohio. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gotta 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sussman and Phillips 2009; Gotta 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sussman and Phillips 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lakhani et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Microbiology
AbbreviationArch. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0302-8933
ISSN (online)1432-072X
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles