How to format your references using the Archives of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaudet A (2015) A grad school survival guide. Science 347:1386
A journal article with 2 authors
Arinaminpathy N, Dowdy D (2015) Understanding the incremental value of novel diagnostic tests for tuberculosis. Nature 528:S60-7
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen UU, Chazdon RL, Holsinger KE (2005) Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science 307:891
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu M, Yu X, Wang W, et al (2006) A primitive fish provides key characters bearing on deep osteichthyan phylogeny. Nature 441:77–80

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu S, Liu Y (2011) Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Faggini M, Vinci CP (eds) (2010) Decision Theory and Choices: a Complexity Approach. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao YX, Wang SY, Uria LC, Mishra SK (2011) A Derivative for Semipreinvex Functions and Its Applications in Semipreinvex Programming. In: Mishra SK (ed) Topics in Nonconvex Optimization: Theory and Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp 79–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) How To Make Rainbow-Colored Flames. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clayton-Clark C (2012) Academic performance strategies implemented by successful California superintendents in low-performing school districts. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldman A, Tabuchi H, Ewing J (2017) F.B.I. Arrests Volkswagen Executive on Conspiracy Charges in Emissions Cheating Scandal. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaudet 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gaudet 2015; Arinaminpathy and Dowdy 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arinaminpathy and Dowdy 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Microbiology
AbbreviationArch. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0302-8933
ISSN (online)1432-072X
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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