How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing Insights citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing Insights. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ide, S., 2010. Striations, duration, migration and tidal response in deep tremor. Nature 466, 356–359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, A., Lee, K., 2011. Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science 333, 959–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhowmick, N.A., Neilson, E.G., Moses, H.L., 2004. Stromal fibroblasts in cancer initiation and progression. Nature 432, 332–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Priestley, R.D., Ellison, C.J., Broadbelt, L.J., Torkelson, J.M., 2005. Structural relaxation of polymer glasses at surfaces, interfaces, and in between. Science 309, 456–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah, M., 2011. Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stuckey, P.J. (Ed.), 2008. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 14th International Conference, CP 2008, Sydney, Australia, September 14-18, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aldon, L., Ionica, C.M., Lippens, P.E., Larcher, D., Tarascon, J.-M., Olivier-Fourcade, J., Jumas, J.-C., 2007. In situ 119Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy used to study lithium insertion in c-Mg2Sn, in: Lippens, P.-E., Jumas, J.-C., Génin, J.-M.R. (Eds.), ICAME 2005: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) Held in Montpellier, France, 4–9 September 2005 Volume II (Part III–V/V). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 729–732.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing Insights.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Broca’s Area of Speech In Brain Surprisingly Inactive During Talking [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology: OMB and Department of Homeland Security Investment Reviews (No. GAO-04-323). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lizarraga, D., 2017. Effects of large inedible particles on the feeding performance of echinodem larvae (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Severino and Sanchez Help Yankees Finish Emphatic Sweep of Mets. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ide, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond and Lee, 2011; Ide, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond and Lee, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Priestley et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing Insights
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Ventur. Insights
ISSN (print)2352-6734

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