How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing Insights citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing Insights. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald, G.A., 2014. Circadian Rhythms. Temporal targets of drug action. Science 346, 921–922.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bae, B.-I., Walsh, C.A., 2013. Neuroscience. What are mini-brains? Science 342, 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnqvist, G., Jones, T.M., Elgar, M.A., 2003. Insect behaviour: reversal of sex roles in nuptial feeding. Nature 424, 387.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brocks, J.J., Love, G.D., Summons, R.E., Knoll, A.H., Logan, G.A., Bowden, S.A., 2005. Biomarker evidence for green and purple sulphur bacteria in a stratified Palaeoproterozoic sea. Nature 437, 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 1998. Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reinhardt, D., Saunders, R., Burry, J. (Eds.), 2016. Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Norton, B.G., 2013. Facts, Values, and Analogies: A Darwinian Approach to Environmental Choice, in: Bergandi, D. (Ed.), The Structural Links between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing Insights.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Watch As Scientists Attempt To Preserve A Blue Whale Heart [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Overhead Costs: Costs Charged by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace’s Space Station Division (No. NSIAD-94-150). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, D.S., 2010. Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. A Family Revolving Around a Disability. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (FitzGerald, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bae and Walsh, 2013; FitzGerald, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bae and Walsh, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brocks et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing Insights
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Ventur. Insights
ISSN (print)2352-6734

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