How to format your references using the Archives of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verdin E. NAD+ in aging, metabolism, and neurodegeneration. Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1208–13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Litchinitser NM, Sun J. APPLIED OPTICS. Optical meta-atoms: Going nonlinear. Science. 2015 Nov 27;350(6264):1033–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiu RF, Chin WC, Lee CL. Carbonaceous particles reduce marine microgel formation. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 28;4:5856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bricelj VM, Connell L, Konoki K, Macquarrie SP, Scheuer T, Catterall WA, et al. Sodium channel mutation leading to saxitoxin resistance in clams increases risk of PSP. Nature. 2005 Apr 7;434(7034):763–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Thewes M, Maidl U. Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2014.
An edited book
Wayman J, Jain A, Maltoni D, Maio D, editors. Biometric Systems: Technology, Design and Performance Evaluation. London: Springer; 2005. XIV, 370 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kanekawa N, Ibe EH, Suga T, Uematsu Y. Fault-Tolerant System Technology. In: Ibe EH, Suga T, Uematsu Y, editors. Dependability in Electronic Systems: Mitigation of Hardware Failures, Soft Errors, and Electro-Magnetic Disturbances. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 143–200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Medical Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Asteroids Might Camouflage Themselves With Material From Elsewhere [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest Alleging Agency Refused To Consider Bid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Oct. Report No.: B-178984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapple CM. A: Application of Polymeric Quaternary Ammonium Surfactant Clay Intercalates in Triphase Catalysis B: Effect of Various Compatibilizers in Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isbister M. The Joy of Making Things. New York Times. 2011 Sep 18;BU10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Medical Research
AbbreviationArch. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0188-4409
ISSN (online)1873-5487
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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