How to format your references using the Archives of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pereira IAC. Microbiology. An enzymatic route to H2 storage. Science. 2013 Dec 13;342(6164):1329–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Synolakis C, Foteinis S. Choking on carbon emissions from Greek academic paperwork. Nature. 2009 Sep 10;461(7261):167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlesworth JD, Warren TL, Brainard MS. Covert skill learning in a cortical-basal ganglia circuit. Nature. 2012 May 20;486(7402):251–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zou DJ, Feinstein P, Rivers AL, Mathews GA, Kim A, Greer CA, et al. Postnatal refinement of peripheral olfactory projections. Science. 2004 Jun 25;304(5679):1976–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy P. Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Blanke M. Diagnosis and Fault-Tolerant Control. 3rd ed. 2016. Kinnaert M, Lunze J, Staroswiecki M, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. XX, 695 p. 225 illus., 44 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen JL, Chen A. Basic Operation of the Star Book TEN. In: Chen A, editor. The Vixen Star Book User Guide: How to Use the Star Book TEN and the Original Star Book. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 21–52. (The Patrick Moore Practical Astronomy Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Medical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Is The Secret To Being Good At Maths? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Transportation Safety Board: Management and Operational Improvements Found, but Strategy Needed to Utilize Cost Accounting System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jul. Report No.: GAO-13-611.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCahill TP. Teacher perceptions of response to intervention for English learners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Bipartisan Bill Poses Federal Control Over Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Affairs. New York Times. 2016 May 20;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Medical Research
AbbreviationArch. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0188-4409
ISSN (online)1873-5487
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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