How to format your references using the Archives of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger J. Gaining a lot from translation. Nature. 2002 Jul 11;418(6894):5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau RM, McEvilly TV. Periodic pulsing of characteristic microearthquakes on the San Andreas fault. Science. 2004 Jan 9;303(5655):220–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helbing D, Farkas I, Vicsek T. Simulating dynamical features of escape panic. Nature. 2000 Sep 28;407(6803):487–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meng Q, Frankel GS, Colijn HO, Goss SH. Metallurgy: stainless-steel corrosion and MnS inclusions. Nature. 2003 Jul 24;424(6947):389–90; discussion 390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinquis A. Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB®. London, UK: ISTE; 2008.
An edited book
Nazri Bajuri M. Computational Biomechanics of the Wrist Joint. Abdul Kadir MR, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XI, 74 p. 43 illus. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Tsitsiklis JN, Xu Y. Efficiency Loss in a Cournot Oligopoly with Convex Market Demand. In: Krishnamurthy V, Zhao Q, Huang M, Wen Y, editors. Game Theory for Networks: Third International ICST Conference, GameNets 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 63–76. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Medical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Does Your Choice Of University Affect Your Future? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Estimates of Potential Savings by Retiring Two Aircraft Carriers Early. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: T-NSIAD-88-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marmolejo R. Drop-in center for homeless veteran families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellsberg SS. Letters; THE ROAD AHEAD. New York Times. 1967 Aug 20;The New York Times MagazineSM10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Medical Research
AbbreviationArch. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0188-4409
ISSN (online)1873-5487
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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