How to format your references using the Archives of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiessling AA. Eggs alone. Nature. 2005 Mar 10;434(7030):145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waddell S, Quinn WG. Neurobiology. Learning how a fruit fly forgets. Science. 2001 Aug 17;293(5533):1271–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Delhase M, Li N, Karin M. Kinase regulation in inflammatory response. Nature. 2000 Jul 27;406(6794):367–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fortenberry NL, Sullivan JF, Jordan PN, Knight DW. Retention. Engineering education research aids instruction. Science. 2007 Aug 31;317(5842):1175–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar RK. Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Roederer JG. Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles: Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas. 2nd ed. 2014. Zhang H, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XVIII, 192 p. 100 illus., 1 illus. in color. (Astrophysics and Space Science Library; vol. 403).
A chapter in an edited book
Xie R, Gamble R, Ahmed N. Diagnosing Vulnerability Patterns in Cloud Audit Logs. In: Han KJ, Choi B-Y, Song S, editors. High Performance Cloud Auditing and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 119–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Medical Research.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Think They Have Figured Out How Stress Can Increase Heart Attack Risk [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Characteristics of Defaulted Borrowers in the Stafford Student Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Apr. Report No.: HRD-91-82BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaceczko SD. A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Pearl Theater to Close. New York Times. 2017 Jun 7;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Medical Research
AbbreviationArch. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0188-4409
ISSN (online)1873-5487
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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